مقاله انگلیسی پیری سالم در چارچوب سه گانه رژیم غذایی-محیط زیست-بهداشتی مدیترانه ای
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مقاله انگلیسی پیری سالم در چارچوب سه گانه رژیم غذایی-محیط زیست-بهداشتی مدیترانه ای

عنوان فارسی مقاله: پیری سالم در چارچوب سه گانه رژیم غذایی-محیط زیست-بهداشتی مدیترانه ای
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Healthy aging in the context of the Mediterranean diet–health-environment trilemma
مجله/کنفرانس: تحقیقات پیری و سلامت - Aging and Health Research
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: پزشکی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: علوم تغذیه
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: بهداشت ، رژیم غذایی ، محیط زیست ، رژیم مدیترانه ای ، پایداری ، آلودگی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Health, Diet, Environment, Mediterranean diet, Sustainability, Pollution
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله کوتاه (Short Communication)
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ahr.2021.100015
دانشگاه: University Hospital Besancon, France
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2021
شناسه ISSN: 2667-0321
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 3
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E15490
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
نوع رفرنس دهی: vancouver
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Highlights


Abstract


Keywords


Introduction


The role of the Mediterranean diet in human health


The sustainability of the Mediterranean diet for the environment


Environmental pollution negatively impacts on human health and aging but can be reduced by wider use of the Mediterranean DP


Conclusions


Funding


Author contributions


Declaration of Competing Interest


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Successful aging results from a lifetime of interaction between a range of factors, including those that are inherited (age, genetics), and those related to lifestyle (diet, exercise). In this brief communication, we examine the role of the Mediterranean-style diet in human health. Diet is one of the major pillars of healthy aging, and accumulating evidence supports the health benefits of the Mediterranean diet. We also discuss the lifelong effect of exposure to environmental pollution. Thus, there is an intricate relationship between health, diet and environment, which together represent a trilemma that must be addressed with a holistic, life-course, population-level approach.


 


Introduction


Individual health and lifestyle choices may create fertile ground for disease to develop. However, social, environmental and biological factors also jointly influence health. A life-course approach to health involves preventing and controlling diseases at key stages of life, from preconception to adulthood. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and disability share common risk factors whose combined presence over the life-course may initiate disease and/or disability in later life, namely poor diet, physical inactivity, environmental pollution, etc. These exposures over the cumulative life-course contribute to an increasing burden of ill health, justifying the need for effective prevention strategies.


The role of the Mediterranean diet in human health


Among the many lifestyle determinants of later health, one of the major pillars of healthy aging is diet. Among the oldest dietary patterns ever described is the Mediterranean diet, an umbrella term that actually encompasses a wide range of diets common to several countries around the Mediterranean basin, which share certain common features but also present wide variety in the actual composition. The whole could more correctly be described as a dietary pattern (DP). The Mediterranean DP is recognized as the healthiest lifestyle by UNESCO and the Council of the European Union, and recommended by the US Department of Health in its Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2015–2020 [1]. It is of vital importance to implement these recommendations at national level in every country as an investment in the future health of the population, since societal and economical changes have revolutionized our lives in the last few decades, and moved away from traditional family structures and working patterns. This has led to a “westernization” of DPs, with a greater tendency to eat quick meals while working, or looking at a telephone, and less adherence to the traditional model of family dining, with its associated communication and conviviality, resulting in an overall decline in adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern [2]. 

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