مقاله انگلیسی مداخله مدیریت وزن در میان ساکنان مسکن عمومی
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مقاله انگلیسی مداخله مدیریت وزن در میان ساکنان مسکن عمومی

عنوان فارسی مقاله: مداخله مدیریت وزن در میان ساکنان مسکن عمومی توسط کارگران بهداشت جامعه تحویل داده شده است: یک مطالعه امکان سنجی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Community health worker-delivered weight management intervention among public housing residents: A feasibility study
مجله/کنفرانس: گزارش های پزشکی پیشگیری - Preventive Medicine Reports
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: پزشکی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: بهداشت عمومی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: مدیریت وزن ، مسکن عمومی ، رژیم غذایی ، فعالیت بدنی ، کارکنان بهداشت جامعه
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Weight management, Public housing, Diet, Physical activity, Community health workers
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus - DOAJ - PubMed Central
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2021.101360
دانشگاه: Boston University, United States
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2021
ایمپکت فاکتور: 2.500 در سال 2020
شاخص H_index: 31 در سال 2021
شاخص SJR: 0.999 در سال 2020
شناسه ISSN: 2211-3355
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2020
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 9
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: بله
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: دارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E15491
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
نوع رفرنس دهی: vancouver
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


Keywords


1. Introduction


2. Materials and methods


3. Results


4. Discussion


CRediT authorship contribution statement


Acknowledgement


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Community health worker-led interventions may be an optimal approach to promote behavior change among populations with low incomes due to the community health workers’ unique insights into participants’ social and environmental contexts and potential ability to deliver interventions widely. The objective was to determine the feasibility (implementation, acceptability, preliminary efficacy) of a weight management intervention for adults living in public housing developments. In 2016–2018, in Boston Massachusetts, we conducted a 3-month, two-group randomized trial comparing participants who received a tailored feedback report (control group) to participants who received the same report plus behavioral counseling. Community health workers provided up to 12 motivational interviewing-based counseling sessions in English or Spanish for diet and physical activity behaviors using a website designed to guide standardized content delivery. 102 participants enrolled; 8 (7.8%) were lost at 3-month follow up. Mean age was 46.5 (SD = 11.9) years; the majority were women (88%), Hispanic (67%), with ≤ high school degree (62%). For implementation, among intervention group participants (n = 50), 5 completed 0 sessions and 45 completed a mean of 4.6 (SD = 3.1) sessions. For acceptability, most indicated they would be very likely (79%) to participate again. For preliminary efficacy, adjusted linear regression models showed mean changes in weight (-0.94 kg, p = 0.31), moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (+11.7 min/day, p = 0.14), and fruit/vegetable intake (+2.30 servings/day, p < 0.0001) in the intervention vs. control group. Findings indicate a low-income public housing population was reached through a community health worker-led intervention with sufficient implementation and acceptability and promising beneficial changes in weight, nutrition, and physical activity outcomes.


 


1. Introduction


Cardiovascular diseases account for a substantial amount of preventable death which can be at least partially mitigated by changing modifiable behaviors and factors, including diet quality, physical activity, and weight (Benjamin et al., 2019). In the U.S., racial/ethnic minority and populations with low socio-economic status (i.e., health disparity facing populations) have higher prevalence of cardiovascular diseases compared to white and higher SES populations. From 2013 to 2016, prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (including hypertension) among adults 20 years or older is 60.1% for non-Hispanic Black males, 50.6% for non-Hispanic white males, and 49.0% for Hispanic males; and among females, 57.1% for non-Hispanic Black females, 43.4% for non-Hispanic white females, and 42.6% for Hispanic females (Benjamin et al., 2019). Furthermore, health disparity facing populations have lower adherence to national guidelines for cardiovascular disease-related health behaviors and contributing factors such as obesity (Hales et al., 2018), likely owing to inequalities in economic, educational, environmental resources and racial/ethnic discrimination. Weight management interventions have been less effective among racial/ethnic minority compared to white individuals (West et al., 2008). Residents of public housing tend to have a higher proportion of individuals with low income, belonging to racial/ethnic minority groups, and with obesity and cardiovascular disease-related health conditions compared to other city residents (Digenis-Bury et al., 2008, Chambers and Rosenbaum, 2014).

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