مقاله انگلیسی بررسی اضافه وزن و چاقی پشت شاخص توده بدنی
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مقاله انگلیسی بررسی اضافه وزن و چاقی پشت شاخص توده بدنی

عنوان فارسی مقاله: بررسی اضافه وزن و چاقی پشت شاخص توده بدنی: یک تحلیل از ترکیب بدن در مردم با سندروم زانوی دوندگان و بدون این اختلال
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Exploring overweight and obesity beyond body mass index: A body composition analysis in people with and without patellofemoral pain
مجله/کنفرانس: مجله علوم پزشکی و ورزشی - Journal of Sport and Health Science
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: پزشکی، تربیت بدنی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: تغذیه، فیزیولوژی فعالیت بدنی و تندرستی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: ترکیب بدنی، شاخص توده بدنی، سندم زانوی دوندگان، ضخامت پوست
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Body composition; Body mass index; Patellofemoral pain syndrome; Skinfold thickness
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus - Master Journals List - JCR - DOAJ - PubMed Central
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2021.06.003
دانشگاه: ao Paulo State University (UNESP), Brazil
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2021
ایمپکت فاکتور: 4.871 در سال 2020
شاخص H_index: 36 در سال 2021
شاخص SJR: 1.386 در سال 2020
شناسه ISSN: 2095-2546
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2020
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 10
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: دارد
آیا این مقاله فرضیه دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E15524
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
نوع رفرنس دهی: vancouver
فهرست مطالب (انگلیسی)

Highlights


Abstract


Graphical abstract


Keywords


1. Introduction


2. Methods


3. Results


4. Discussion


5. Conclusion


Acknowledgments


Appendix. Supplementary materials


References

بخشی از مقاله (انگلیسی)

Abstract


Background
We compared body mass index (BMI), body fat, and skeletal muscle mass between (1) a mixed-sex nonathletic cohort of people with patellofemoral pain (PFP) and pain-free people, and (2) a nonathletic cohort of people with PFP and pain-free people subgrouped by sex (i.e., men and women with PFP vs. pain-free men and women).


Methods
This cross-sectional study included 114 people with PFP (71 women, 43 men) and 54 pain-free controls (32 women, 22 men). All participants attended a single testing session to assess body composition measures, which included BMI, percentage of body fat (%BFBioimpedance), and skeletal muscle mass (both assessed by bioelectrical impedance analysis), and percentage of body fat (%BFSkinfold) (assessed by skinfold caliper analysis). A one-way univariate analysis of covariance (age and physical activity levels as covariates) was used to compare body composition measures between groups (i.e., PFP vs. pain-free group; women with PFP vs. pain-free women; men with PFP vs. pain-free men).


Results
Women with PFP presented significantly higher BMI, %BFBioimpedance, and %BFSkinfold, and lower skeletal muscle mass compared to pain-free women (p ≤ 0.04; effect size = ‒0.47 to 0.85). Men with PFP and men and women combined had no differences in BMI, %BFBioimpedance, %BFSkinfold, and skeletal muscle mass compared to their respective pain-free groups (p > 0.05).


Conclusion
Our findings indicate that BMI and body composition measures should be considered as part of the evaluation and management of people with PFP, especially in women, who have demonstrated higher BMI and body fat and lower skeletal muscle mass compared to pain-free controls. Future studies should not assess body composition measures in a mixed-sex population without distinguishing men participants from women participants.


 


1. Introduction
The prevalence of overweight and obesity has been growing alarmingly across the world.1 In the past four decades, the number of adults with obesity worldwide has increased more than 6 times (100 million in 1975 to 671 million in 2016),1 whereas 1.3 billion adults (1 in 4) were considered overweight in 2016.1,2 Despite increasing the predisposition to multiple comorbidities,3,4 overweight and obesity are also detrimental to the musculoskeletal system,5, 6, 7 likely via both systemic and mechanical effects.8,9 Systemic effects include the production by adipose tissue of adipokines such as leptin10 and the amplification of the inflammation profile through an increase in the production of interleukin-611 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha.12 Both of these systemic changes are associated with deleterious effects to patellar cartilage (e.g., reduced patellar cartilage volume) and pain.13,14 Mechanically, the one joint most affected by overweight and obesity is the patellofemoral joint, which is subjected to loads 2 to 11 times bodyweight during stair ascent, squatting, and running activities.15, 16, 17

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