مقاله انگلیسی نقش نهادها در کارآفرینی نهفته و نوظهور
ترجمه نشده

مقاله انگلیسی نقش نهادها در کارآفرینی نهفته و نوظهور

عنوان فارسی مقاله: نقش نهادها در کارآفرینی نهفته و نوظهور
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: The role of institutions in latent and emergent entrepreneurship
مجله/کنفرانس: پیش بینی فناوری و تغییرات اجتماعی - Technological Forecasting and Social Change
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مدیریت
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: کارآفرینی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: موسسات، حکومت، فساد، حقوق مالکیت، کارآفرینی، شبکه ها
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Institutions - Governance - Corruption - Property rights - Entrepreneurship - Networks
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus - Master Journals List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2021.121263
دانشگاه: School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University Bloomington, USA
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2022
ایمپکت فاکتور: 9.012 در سال 2020
شاخص H_index: 117 در سال 2021
شاخص SJR: 2.226 در سال 2020
شناسه ISSN: 0040-1625
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2020
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 12
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: بله
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: دارد
آیا این مقاله فرضیه دارد: دارد
کد محصول: E15814
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست مطالب (انگلیسی)

Highlights


Abstract


Keywords


1. Introduction


2. Literature and hypotheses


3. Data and method


4. Results


5. Discussion and conclusion


References


Vitae

بخشی از مقاله (انگلیسی)

Abstract


Drawing from perspectives on institutional hierarchy (Williamson) and social embeddedness (Granovetter), we examine the role of embeddedness, formal institutions and governance in shaping latent and emergent entrepreneurship. We examine the role of heterogeneous institutional conditions - corruption, social relationships, property rights and government size – matter across 66 countries between 2005 and 2015. Our findings demonstrate that heterogeneity of institutional conditions and heterogeneity of entrepreneurship outcome are important and not monolithic. Notably, we find that while corruption impedes both latent and emergent entrepreneurship, this effect lasts almost three times as long for latent entrepreneurship. We also find that entrepreneurs in countries with more corrupt contexts have lower aspirations to start and own a business.


 


1. Introduction

A consensus has emerged in the research on institutions and entrepreneurship that institutions have an important role to play (Audretsch, Belitski, Chowdhury, and Desai, 2021; McMullen et al., 2008; Stenholm et al., 2013; Colombo et al., 2016). This raises “next generation” questions related to institutional heterogeneity, such as how, which and when institutions matter for entrepreneurs (Audretsch and Moog, 2020; Dutta and Sobel, 2016, 2018, 2020).

These questions sit at the intersection of three streams of research that are relevant to entrepreneurship. Firstly, the emergence of entrepreneurship is not strictly dichotomous (Mickiewicz et al., 2017), and there can be stages and activities that precede new business activities (Bennett & Chatterji, 2017). Related to this, not everybody who is interested in starting a business might ultimately do so.

Secondly, institutions are heterogeneous, as are their impacts on entrepreneurship (Granovetter, 1985; Aidis et al., 2012; Bennett, 2020). Some institutions may matter while others do not, and there may be nonlinearities or permutations of institutions that shape how entrepreneurs perceive and act on opportunity (Bergmann and Stephan, 2013; Braunerhjelm and Eklund, 2014; Elert, Henrekson, and Sanders, 2019; Audretsch et al., 2019, 2021; Amoros et al., 2019 ´ ).

Thirdly, the nature and type of entrepreneurship outcomes and activities themselves can differ across institutional contexts (Autio et al., 2014; Acs et al., 2014; Audretsch and Belitski, 2017). The body of research on the allocation of entrepreneurship is growing, including research on formal and informal (North, 1990; Thai and Turkina, 2014), productive, unproductive and destructive, (Desai, Weitzel, and Acs. 2014, Sanders and Weitzel, 2013; Baumol, 1990), high-impact (Stenholm et al., 2013), and necessity and opportunity (Amoros et al., 2017; Angulo-Guerrero et al., 2017; Audretsch et al., 2021) entrepreneurship.

There has been relatively less research at the intersection of these three streams: how do different institutions affect different forms of entrepreneurship? In particular, there is a need for more insight on engagement in potential or aspirational entrepreneurship (latent) and newly formed ventures (emergent) (Parker, 2004, 2018; Grilo and Irigoyen, 2006 (Caiazza et al., 2019,2020)).

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