انتقال اجتماعی و واقعیت به اشتراک گذاشته شده در پویایی فرهنگی
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انتقال اجتماعی و واقعیت به اشتراک گذاشته شده در پویایی فرهنگی

عنوان فارسی مقاله: انتقال اجتماعی و واقعیت به اشتراک گذاشته شده در پویایی فرهنگی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Social Transmission and Shared Reality in Cultural Dynamics
مجله/کنفرانس: نظرات رایج در روانشناسی – Current Opinion in Psychology
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مدیریت، علوم اجتماعی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: پژوهشگری اجتماعی
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله مروری (Review Article)
نمایه: Scopus – Master Journal List – MedLine
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.10.004
دانشگاه: Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences – The University of Melbourne – Australia
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2018
شاخص H_index: ۱۵ در سال ۲۰۱۸
شاخص SJR: ۱٫۵۳ در سال ۲۰۱۸
شناسه ISSN: 2352-250X
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 14
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
کد محصول: E10572
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


Introduction


Grounding and shared reality in dyadic context


Cultural transmission beyond dyad


Collective common ground, collective shared reality, and cultural dynamics


Emotion in cultural transmission and shared reality


Conclusion


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Micro cultural dynamics are concerned with the mechanisms of transmission, retention, and modification of cultural information in social networks. When interacting individuals mutually recognize that they share psychological reactions to given cultural information, it may be grounded as an aspect of their shared reality under specifiable conditions. The interpretation of cultural information as socially verified shared reality provides a basis for further dissemination of the information and coordinated social action. We review the recent literature that supports this general contention, while highlighting the role of emotion – a somewhat under-recognized aspect of shared reality research – and emphasizing the mediating role of cultural dynamics in the mutual constitution of social reality and shared reality.


Introduction


Culture is a set of available information that is transmitted non-genetically in a human population. The social transmission of cultural information between individuals in situ is central to cultural dynamics – the formation, maintenance, and transformation of culture over time. Interpersonal communication, as a type of cultural transmission, is critical for the establishment of shared reality. In this paper, we will spell out the ways in which shared reality is implicated in cultural transmission and therefore in cultural dynamics. Cultural transmission is composed of four subprocesses: production, grounding, interpretation, and memory. Individuals produce a communicable representation of cultural information, ground it to the common ground (i.e., add it to the information actually, and perceived to be, shared with their interaction partners), interpret the grounded information (i.e., transform it into a mental representation), and commit it to memory for future use [1]. Of these, grounding establishes mutuality. It occurs when the sender and receiver both recognize that their understanding of the communicated information is sufficiently similar to carry out their joint activity in the context [2, 3]. We argue that shared reality affects cultural transmission by changing the way in which grounded information is interpreted. Specifically, in the presence of shared reality, this information is tagged as socially verified “fact” (Figure 1). Importantly, socially verified information is more likely to spread through social networks (Figure 2). In this way, shared reality links cultural transmission to macro-level cultural diffusion. In this article, we will first review relevant literature to flesh out these propositions and supportive evidence, and then examine the role of emotion in this process.

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