یکپارچگی سیستم های گشودگی و مدیریت
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یکپارچگی سیستم های گشودگی و مدیریت

عنوان فارسی مقاله: یکپارچگی سیستم های گشودگی و مدیریت: پیگیری مزایای نوآوری
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Openness and management systems integration: Pursuing innovation benefits
مجله/کنفرانس: مجله مدیریت مهندسی و فناوری – Journal of Engineering and Technology Management
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مدیریت
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: مدیریت تکنولوژی، مدیریت کسب و کار، مدیریت عملکرد
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: بازده نوآوری، ادغام سیستم های مدیریت، نوآوری باز، عملکرد شرکت
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Innovation efficiency، Management systems integration، Open innovation، Firm performance
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus – Master Journal List – JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jengtecman.2018.07.001
دانشگاه: Department d’Empresa – Facultat d’Economia i Empresa – Universitat de Barcelona – Spain
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2018
ایمپکت فاکتور: ۲٫۶۸۶ در سال ۲۰۱۷
شاخص H_index: ۵۵ در سال ۲۰۱۸
شاخص SJR: ۰٫۹۳۷ در سال ۲۰۱۸
شناسه ISSN: 0923-4748
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 15
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
کد محصول: E10617
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Introduction


2- Theoretical framework


3- Methodology


4- Results


5- Discussion


6- Conclusions


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


In a global and highly competitive environment, innovation is becoming riskier and costlier. Against this backdrop, firms are challenged to allocate their innovation resources efficiently to obtain the most benefits. To this end, integration of management systems and open innovation are internally- and externally-oriented managerial practices, respectively, that may foster innovation efficiency. However, they have been scarcely researched jointly. Based on longitudinal analyses of 220 Spanish firms, this study concludes that integrating management systems could foster innovation efficiency. Conversely, open innovation might hinder it. It is also evidenced that innovation efficiency is relevant to boost the sales productivity of new products.


Introduction


In a challenging world dominated by fast changes, firms are pushed to innovate efficiently, optimizing their limited resources to benefit their stakeholders through new products or processes (West and Anderson, 1996; Wong et al., 2009). It is thus a primary managerial challenge to attain an efficient innovation process so that firms can keep growing. Stated differently, firms should adopt the accurate managerial practices that boost innovation efficiency and consequently, expect to grow sustainably. Guided by efficiency, firms should produce the appropriate outputs that pay off the resources used in the innovative process (Fichman, 2004). Not only the firms’ internal trade-offs are important in this process, but also their own performance compared to their key competitors’. In this line, innovation efficiency is defined as the relative efficiency of firms for transforming resources (inputs) into innovations (outputs) (Deprins et al., 1984), so firms that are more efficient innovating might achieve more internal and external benefits as follows. Firms innovating efficiently use less resources to innovate (Cruz-Cázares et al., 2013; George et al., 2002; Greco et al., 2017) and create a stronger innovative basis due to their learning capabilities (Weerawardena et al., 2006). Once firms increase their innovation efficiency (i.e., the process of transforming resources into innovations), they might enhance their performance due to the commercialization of such innovations, which occurs in a second stage (Guan and Chen, 2010; Wang et al., 2016; Wang and Wang, 2012). Therefore, firms innovating efficiently might also achieve better sales productivity results when commercializing their new products (de Leeuw et al., 2014). The OECD (2008) highlights that organizations operate within a global and highly competitive environment so innovations are becoming riskier and costlier. This challenging landscape has led firms to increasingly open their innovation processes to collaborate with external partners, including suppliers, customers, universities, among others (OECD, 2008). This paradigm, referred to as open innovation (OI), describes how firms interact with external organizations to attain their innovation goals using less resources and exploiting those new outcomes in the market (Chesbrough, 2007, 2003). OI is therefore aimed to improve innovation efficiency. More specifically, a firm can be defined as more efficient in its OI approach than another if it obtains better innovation outputs starting from similar OI inputs (Greco et al., 2017). Although the existing literature about OI is very extensive (Lopes and de Carvalho, 2018), the concept of innovation efficiency in the OI literature is surprisingly an under-researched topic (Greco et al., 2017).

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