گردش اجرایی شرکت های دولتی چینی
ترجمه نشده

گردش اجرایی شرکت های دولتی چینی

عنوان فارسی مقاله: گردش اجرایی شرکت های دولتی چینی: دولت گرا یا بازار گرا؟
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Executive turnover in China’s state-owned enterprises: Government-oriented or market-oriented?
مجله/کنفرانس: مجله چینی تحقیقات حسابداری – China Journal of Accounting Research
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مدیریت
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: مدیریت کسب و کار
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: گردش اجرایی، شرکت های دولتی چینی، عملکرد، بار سیاسی، بازار مديريت
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Executive turnover، China’s state-owned enterprises، Performance، Policy burden، Managerial market
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus – Master Journal List – DOAJ
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cjar.2016.12.003
دانشگاه: Center for Accounting Studies – Xiamen University – China
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2018
ایمپکت فاکتور: ۰٫۵۳۱ در سال ۲۰۱۷
شاخص H_index: ۷ در سال ۲۰۱۹
شاخص SJR: ۰٫۳۳ در سال ۲۰۱۹
شناسه ISSN: ۱۷۵۵-۳۰۹۱
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q3 در سال ۲۰۱۹
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 21
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: بله
کد محصول: E10634
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Introduction


2- Institutional background and hypothesis development


3- Research design


4- Empirical results


5- Conclusion


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Executive turnover is important in the governance of state-owned enterprises (SOEs). Herein, we focus on the executive turnover of China’s SOEs, and the implementation of related evaluation mechanisms under different levels of government intervention. We collect executive turnover data of listed Chinese SOEs from 1999 to 2012, and find that about half of the SOE executives leave office within two terms, which is in line with government recommendations. Moreover, we find that more than a third of executives leave after less than one term, and nearly 20% after more than two terms, highlighting the uncertainty and unpredictability of executive appointments in SOEs. We also find that the executive evaluation mechanism for SOEs is implemented differently under different levels of government intervention. SOEs under weak intervention, such as those controlled indirectly by governments, controlled with low shareholdings, from non-regulated industries or in the Eastern regions, prefer the market-oriented evaluation method, which places more weight on executives’ economic performance. In contrast, those under strong intervention prefer the government-oriented evaluation method, which is characterized by policy burden.


Introduction


In private enterprises with ownership and management separation, shareholders aiming for wealth maximization tend to design compensation incentive contracts and job-dismissing schemes that reward good managers and punish or fire the bad ones (Jensen and Meckling, 1976). In this single-task scenario, the principal designs incentive contracts that are compatible with the agent’s goal to avoid conflict of interests (Alchian and Demsetz, 1972; Grossman and Hart, 1983). However, state-owned enterprises (SOEs) have multiple objectives, including economic, political and social goals, such as the value maintenance and appreciation of state-owned assets, maintaining social stability and conforming to macroeconomic regulations and controls (Lin and Li, 1997, 2004). However, these goals are often conflicting, which mean that the government needs to design reasonable incentive contracts to motivate SOE executives to focus their efforts on different goals. Focusing on different goals implies different outcomes and differing levels of corporate governance efficiency (Holmstrom and Milgrom, 1991). Numerous studies have examined the relationship between manager turnover and performance among Chinese SOEs (Firth et al., 2006; Kato and Long, 2006a, 2006b; Chang and Wong, 2009; Song and Song, 2005; Jiang et al., 2014) based on the Western CEO turnover literature (Coughlan and Schmidt, 1985; Warner et al., 1988; Dedman, 2002; Defond and Hung, 2004; Neumann and Voetmann, 2005). However, few studies have examined the relationship between executive turnover and political performance among SOEs. Liao et al. (2009) use extra employment as a moderator variable to study its effect on the executive turnover-performance sensitivity of SOEs and examine the role that policy burden plays in the executive performance evaluation of SOEs. However, political performance is more than a moderator of evaluation. Bai and Tao (2006) take SOEs as multiple-task agents with political and economic goals, which is also emphasized by the ‘‘Measures for Comprehensive Evaluation of the Leadership in the Central Enterprises” (2009). Moreover, Lin and Li (1998, 2004) study the strategic and social policy burdens of SOEs, whereas Liao et al. (2009) only consider the social burden. We consider both of these factors in this paper. Lastly, the performance evaluation of SOE executives can be structurally different due to the different levels of government intervention, which are influenced by preferences of the government principals and the institutional environment. Therefore, it is necessary to test the executive turnover-performance relationship among SOEs in different settings.

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