مدل سازی تأثیرات متقابل و ضمنی در تیم های عملی
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مدل سازی تأثیرات متقابل و ضمنی در تیم های عملی

عنوان فارسی مقاله: اعتماد به تیم در طول زمان: مدل سازی تأثیرات متقابل و ضمنی در تیم های عملی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Team trust over time: Modeling reciprocal and contextual influences in action teams
مجله/کنفرانس: بررسی مدیریت منابع انسانی - Human Resource Management Review
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مدیریت، روانشناسی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: مدیریت منایع انسانی، مدیریت عملکرد، روانشناسی صنعتی و سازمانی
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus - Master Journal List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hrmr.2017.03.006
دانشگاه: Hofstra University, United States
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2018
ایمپکت فاکتور: 3/712 در سال 2017
شاخص H_index: 72 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 1/675 در سال 2017
شناسه ISSN: 1053-4822
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2017
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 16
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
کد محصول: E10860
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Theoretical background


2- Team trust over time: theoretical propositions


3- Discussion


4- Conclusions


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Team trust is increasingly being recognized as important for team performance, but little is currently understood about how it develops and evolves over the course of a team's lifespan. Because trust and related team constructs are inherently dynamic, this represents a critical gap in the literature that needs to be addressed before team trust can be fully understood and effectively facilitated in practice. Of particular relevance to these gaps are action teams – those that come together to perform under time-constrained, yet often high-stakes conditions. While scholars have begun to explore how trust develops in these contexts, little is understood about how it evolves over time. As such, we propose a theoretical model of team trust in action teams that incorporates its dynamic nature, models the reciprocal relationship between team trust and team performance, delineates unique mediating pathways based on the team's progression in the multiphasic performance cycle, and considers the role of moderating influences that may strengthen or attenuate the impact of performance feedback on subsequent team trust. Specific research implications are discussed, providing a rich foundation for future empirical studies, and ultimately, the generation of evidence-based interventions for facilitating trust as teams cycle through multiple performance episodes over time.


Theoretical background


Team trust can be defined as “a shared psychological state among team members comprising willingness to accept vulnerability based on positive expectations of a specific other or others” (Fulmer & Gelfand, 2012, p. 1174). As indicated, trust in teams is a multidimensional construct (Costa, 2003), comprising team members' positive expectations about each other's competence and motivations, as well as a shared acceptance of vulnerability based on the assumption that teammates will act in the best interest of the team. Consequently, trust can play a prominent role in how individuals work together, influencing a range of team processes and emergent states that are critical for team effectiveness (e.g., back-up behavior; Barczak, Lassk, & Mulki, 2010), making it a central construct for teams researchers to understand. While trust has traditionally been examined in relation to individuals, leaders, and organizations, scholars have recently begun to explore it within team settings as well. Fulmer and Gelfand (2012), for example, presented a review of the trust literature across levels, including the team level. Others have modeled the development of trust within the specific context of swift-starting action teams (Wildman et al., 2012). At this point, however, little is known regarding the progression of trust over time, particularly as the team cycles through performance episodes and experiences various contextual cues that can change team members' future interactions (e.g., trust violation). Because trust is critical throughout the duration of a team's existence, an understanding is needed not only of how it develops initially, but also of how it evolves, responds to different team experiences, and is maintained over time. Indeed, scholars have criticized the lack of investigation of emergent states in a more dynamic manner (Kozlowski, Chao, Grand, Braun, & Kuljanin, 2013). We thus draw from research that points to a more fluid and cyclical process, building on Marks et al.'s (2001) team process taxonomy and adapting it to the construct of team trust, whereby trust evolves and relates to team performance in unique ways at different points in the team's action-transition cycle. Our model is characterized by three major components: a focus on trust within action teams; exploration of a reciprocal relationship between team trust and team performance over time; and consideration of possible contextual influences (see Fig. 1).

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