نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله
The purpose of the present article is to identify the industrial regions within Russia using different criteria (economic, but also social and ecological). In addition to this, a number of the indicators for regional development analysis are offered. An industrial production share in a gross regional product is accepted as a key criteria of selection a region as industrial. Statistical selection is presented by the regions of Central Federal District of Russia. Finally, the interrelationship between an industrial production share in a gross regional product and the following indicators is analyzed: the income of the consolidated budget, the size of the average per capita income of the population, and the expected average life expectancy of the population.
The present subject is important because of the necessity to outline a new strategy of economic growth and regional sustainable development in the Russian Federation. Discussions about ways of economic growth achievement are carried out in modern Russian economic science and it is possible to say that one of the serious research directions is a reindustrialization concept. Reindustrialization usually is understood as industrialization based on the latest technological advancements. The prospective purpose of a reindustrializtion is the transition to modern technological ways. So a question of main purposes and mechanisms and the industrial policy’s objects (including meso-level) determination becomes sharply important. For the decision of this task, in our opinion, it is necessary to study the industrial regions’ entity, the features and factors of their development, in order to reveal criteria and indicators for selection of industrial regions. Similar research is necessary when planning industrial regional policy. Besides, the research of industrial regions, specifics of their development, and also problems that these regions face, is necessary for outlining their sustainable development from the ecological point of view. Environmental problems are most seriously expressed in industrial regions. So it is necessary to consider the ecological limitations while planning an industrial policy in these regions.