پویایی و ساختار اقتصاد اجتماعی
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پویایی و ساختار اقتصاد اجتماعی

عنوان فارسی مقاله: ارزیابی پویایی و ساختار اقتصاد اجتماعی رومانیایی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Assessment of the dynamics and structure of the Romanian social economy
مجله/کنفرانس: رویه – علوم اجتماعی و رفتاری_Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مدیریت
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: مدیریت منابع انسانی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: اقتصاد اجتماعی، شرکت اجتماعی، رومانی، پایداری، افراد شاغل، گروه آسیب پذیر
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: social economy; social enterprise; Romania; viability; employed people; vulnerable group
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2018.04.046
دانشگاه: Gheorghe Asachi” Tehnical University, Iasi 700050, Romania
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2018
ایمپکت فاکتور: 0 در سال 2015
شاخص H_index: 39 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 0.158 رد سال 2015
شناسه ISSN: 1877-0428
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 10
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
کد محصول: E12153
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Introduction – Evolution and convergence of research


2- Social enterprise – an alternative for economic and social revitalization


3- European and national regulations regarding social enterprise


4- Research methodology


5- Findings


6- Conclusions


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


The current paper contributes to the debate on social economy by highlighting the significance of the legal framework in the correct assessment of the structure and dynamics of the social economy of a country, providing evidence for Romania. The study presents the real dimension of Romanian social economy in the light of the new laws in the field and reveals the social enterprises’ profile. Findings show that, two years after the legal framework of the social enterprise and one year after the regulation of the Romanian Register of Social Enterprises, few operators of the social economy took the necessary steps for the official registration in the category of social enterprises. By analyzing the profile of certified social enterprises, we have shown that they are vulnerable from at least two points of view: viability (only 19% of the certified social enterprises have developed activities on a sustainable bases, having more than three years old) and efficiency (more than a third of the social enterprises go through financial difficulties from/after the first year of function). The analysis of the output indicator that measures the evolution of the average number of employees in the social enterprises showed a modest increase. Lastly, the study draws attention on the need to reconsider the national statistics regarding social economy.


Introduction – Evolution and convergence of research


The start-up and development of social enterprises was the combined result of interests from the part of politicians, entrepreneurs, and researchers in order to identify alternate solutions to major problems such as unemployment, insufficient public resources, marginalization or discrimination of certain groups, based on age, sex, ethnicity, or social status. Political decision makers were acknowledged their contribution to the regulation of the legal status of the social enterprise, thus allowing the diversification of the types of entities with social impact. Social entrepreneurs were appreciated their capacity to identifying resources there where the others saw only problems. Researchers were acknowledged their contribution to the improvement of the gap between theory and practice, by organizing conferences, debates, and international forums. The action on the three levels has led to the mitigation of the role of passive policies in the field of work and to the application of active policies for rebalancing of the work market. Researches regarding social enterprise have flourished after 1990, first in Europe and the United States, and then in Asia and Latin America (Defourny & Nyssens, 2010). The starting point was represented by the simultaneous existence of unsatisfied social needs and of a great number of people fit for work but inactive from a professional point of view. Social enterprise, by providing social services, was meant to improve upon (along with the state and the other non-profit organizations) general and individual welfare (Figure 1).

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