به سمت درک وضعیت عاطفی افراد مبتلا به بیماری های مزمن
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به سمت درک وضعیت عاطفی افراد مبتلا به بیماری های مزمن

عنوان فارسی مقاله: سلامت روان و آرتریت روماتوئید: به سمت درک وضعیت عاطفی افراد مبتلا به بیماری های مزمن
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Mental Health and Rheumatoid Arthritis: Toward Understanding the Emotional Status of People with Chronic Disease
مجله/کنفرانس: تحقیقات زیست پزشکی بین المللی - BioMed Research International
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی، پزشکی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی عمومی، روانشناسی شناخت، آسیب شناسی و ایمنی شناسی پزشکی
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/1473925
دانشگاه: Institute of Psychology, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, Poland
ناشر: هینداوی - Hindawi
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 9
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: دارد
کد محصول: E12719
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

1- Introduction


2- Methods


3- Results


4- Discussion


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Introduction


Chronic illness is indicated by theWorld Health Organization as the leading cause of premature death in the world. According to WHO’s estimates, it is responsible for 63% of all fatalities [1]. Chronic illness is defned by its slow progression and long duration, two traits which force patients to adapt to new, changed circumstances, and which afect most aspects of life, usually negatively, consequently signifcantly lowering health-related quality of life [2]. One chronic illness severely altering its suferers’ ability to function is rheumatoid arthritis (RA). RA is the most common rheumatic disorder among connective tissue disorders. It is a persistent, progressive infammatory process beginning in the synovial membrane, leading to the deformation and destruction of articular tissues, and the impairment of articulatory function [3]. Typical age of onset is between 40 and 60 years and incidence is 3 to 4 times higher in women than in men. A person afected by rheumatoid arthritis experiences numerous somatic problems, such as the deformation and deterioration of joints, chronic pain, fatigue, weight loss, and fever. Besides these, the suferer must also deal with psychological hardships, primarily marked by negative afect: anxiety, depression, feelings of loss, and social difculties related to changes in fulflling social roles [4]. Te theoretical approach based on which we can understand the processes of adaptation to chronic disease is the Transactional Model of Stress and Coping [5]. Tis approach assumes that a stress transaction is a complex process in which a number of consecutive phases can be distinguished: the occurrence of an event, its cognitive evaluation, dealing with its consequences. Additionally, the stress transaction process is modifed by the available resources [6]. In this perspective, resources act as a mediator between the diferent stages of a stress transaction. For example, due to its high mental resilience, a person is able to fexibly adjust coping strategies to the requirements of the situation [7]. In the proposed study, we investigated coping (coping with pain), resources (ego-resilience), and consequences (pain, depression, and anxiety). A basic problem that RA patients must cope with is pain. As the disorder advances, pain levels usually increase [8]. Te unpredictability of pain is one trait disrupting well-being; patients cannot predict the end of an ongoing episode of pain nor the onset of another one. Tis negatively impacts the suferers’ emotional state and greatly increases their negative afect.

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