رابطه استرس شغلی و افزایش بیشتر وزن در درازمدت
ترجمه نشده

رابطه استرس شغلی و افزایش بیشتر وزن در درازمدت

عنوان فارسی مقاله: استرس شغلی به افزایش بیشتر وزن در درازمدت در یک گروه مبتنی بر جمعیت سوئد ارتباط دارد
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Occupational stress is associated with major long-term weight gain in a Swedish population-based cohort
مجله/کنفرانس: آرشیو بین المللی بهداشت حرفه ای و محیطی - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی، مدیریت
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی صنعتی و سازمانی، مدیریت تحقیق در عملیات
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: کرنش شغلی، استرس شغلی، مطالبه شغل، دامنه تصمیم، بهره وزنی، تغییر وزن، مطالعه آینده نگر
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Job strain، Work stress، Job demand، Decision latitude، Weight gain، Weight change، Prospective study
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: MedLine - Scopus - Master journals - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-018-1392-6
دانشگاه: Section for Epidemiology and Social Medicine (EPSO)، Department of Public Health and Community Medicine، Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg، Gothenburg، Sweden
ناشر: اسپرینگر - Springer
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
ایمپکت فاکتور: 2/102 در سال 2018
شاخص H_index: 80 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 0/823 در سال 2018
شناسه ISSN: 0340-0131
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q2 در سال 2018
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: pdf
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 8
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E12784
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


Introduction


Methods


Results


Discussion


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Purpose Occupational stress and obesity are both increasing in prevalence, but prospective findings relating these conditions are inconsistent. We investigated if baseline as well as prolonged exposure to high job demands and low decision latitude were associated with major weight gain (≥10% of baseline weight) in 3872 Swedish women and men examined three times over 20 years in the population-based Västerbotten Intervention Program.


Methods Anthropometry was measured and participants completed questionnaires on job strain, diet, and other lifestyle factors. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI), adjusting for confounders.


Results Adjusting for age, baseline low decision latitude was associated with major weight gain over 10- and 20-year OR (95% CI) 1.16 (1.00–1.33) and 1.29 (1.13–1.47), respectively (both sexes combined). After adjustment for diet quality and other confounders, the effect over 20 years remained 1.30 (1.13–1.50). Sex modified the effect of prolonged exposure to high job demands over at least 10 years (interaction p=0.02), showing that high job demands was a risk factor of major weight gain over 20 years in women [1.54 (1.14–2.07)], but not in men [0.87 (0.63–1.19)]. Neither diet nor other lifestyle factors explained these associations.


Conclusions In conclusion, low decision latitude predicted major weight gain in women and men. In women, the results suggest an additional contribution to major weight gain from high job demands.


Introduction


The population mean body mass index (BMI) has increased in recent decades and a prognosis forecasts future increases in obesity prevalence (Breda et al. 2015). While a positive energy balance, originating from excess energy intake relative to energy expenditure, is a fundamental cause for weight gain, psychosocial factors such as mental stress might be contributing factors. Effects of mental stress on weight gain could be mediated through unhealthy behaviors such as low diet quality. In addition, chronic stress could, through higher cortisol levels, impact on visceral fat accumulation and reduction in lean body mass (Kyrou and Tsigos 2009). Alongside the trend of increasing BMI, the prevalence of self-reported mental stress has also increased (Lissner et al. 2008). Work-related stress, also referred to as job strain, with high demands and low decision latitude as conceptualized by Karasek and Theorell (1990), has also been reported to be higher in later years (Malard et al. 2015; Utzet et al. 2015) as have the prevalence of other work-related stress exposures (Houdmont et al. 2012). Although changing social norms regarding the stress concept may explain some part of the increased prevalence of self-reported stress, a considerable increase in sickness absence due to psychiatric diagnoses, including the fatigue syndrome, during the last decade has been reported in Sweden, providing support for a factual increase in stress (Swedish Social Insurance Agency 2016).

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