بررسی سیستماتیک و متاآنالیز 85 آزمایش تجربی در مورد اثربخشی هیپنوتیزم
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بررسی سیستماتیک و متاآنالیز 85 آزمایش تجربی در مورد اثربخشی هیپنوتیزم

عنوان فارسی مقاله: اثربخشی هیپنوتیزم برای تسکین درد: بررسی سیستماتیک و متاآنالیز 85 آزمایش تجربی کنترل شده
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: The effectiveness of hypnosis for pain relief: A systematic review and meta-analysis of 85 controlled experimental trials
مجله/کنفرانس: علوم اعصاب و بررسیهای زیستی-رفتاری - Neuroscience And Biobehavioral Reviews
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: پزشکی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانپزشکی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: درد، هیپنوتیزم، بی دردی، بررسی، متاآنالیز، پیشنهاد
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Pain، Hypnosis، Analgesia، Review، Meta-analysis، Suggestion
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله مروری (Review Article)
نمایه: MedLine - Scopus - Master Journals List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2019.02.013
دانشگاه: Faculty of Education and Health, University of Greenwich, London, SE9 2UG, UK
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
ایمپکت فاکتور: 8/461 در سال 2018
شاخص H_index: 2019 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 3/734 در سال 2018
شناسه ISSN: 0149-7634
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2018
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 13
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E12811
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Introduction


2- Method


3- Results


4- Discussion


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


The current meta-analysis aimed to quantify the effectiveness of hypnosis for reducing pain and identify factors that influence efficacy. Six major databases were systematically searched for trials comparing hypnotic inductions with no-intervention control conditions on pain ratings, threshold and tolerance using experimentally-evoked pain models in healthy participants. Eighty-five eligible studies (primarily crossover trials) were identified, consisting of 3632 participants (hypnosis nö=ö2892, control nö=ö2646). Random effects meta-analysis found analgesic effects of hypnosis for all pain outcomes (gö=ö0.54-0.76, p’s<.001). Efficacy was strongly influenced by hypnotic suggestibility and use of direct analgesic suggestion. Specifically, optimal pain relief was obtained for hypnosis with direct analgesic suggestion administered to high and medium suggestibles, who respectively demonstrated 42% (pö<ö.001) and 29% (pö<ö.001) clinically meaningful reductions in pain. Minimal benefits were found for low suggestibles. These findings suggest that hypnotic intervention can deliver meaningful pain relief for most people and therefore may be an effective and safe alternative to pharmaceutical intervention. High quality clinical data is, however, needed to establish generalisability in chronic pain populations.


Introduction


Pain affects up to 1.5 billion adults worldwide (Yaqub, 2015) and has a substantial negative impact on quality of life. In addition to becoming one of the leading causes of years lived with disability (GBD Causes of Death Collaborators, 2017), pain also incurs a massive economic burden. Pain-related health care and lost productivity incur annual costs of up to $635 billion in the US alone (Gaskin and Richard, 2012), greater than that of heart disease, cancer or diabetes. Increasing concern over the side effects, addictive properties and costs of opioid medication has led to an urgent need to identify non-pharmacological interventions for pain that are effective, safe, and inexpensive. One popular psychological intervention for pain management is hypnosis, which typically involves relaxation, focused attention and targeted verbal suggestion to alter perceptual experience and behaviour (Jensen and Patterson, 2014). Hypnosis is easily administered, has few or no side effects, and is inexpensive if delivered in a pre-recorded format (e.g., audio recording) that does not require the presence of a practitioner (Jensen et al., 2015). Recent research has indicated that hypnotic suggestion produces altered activity in key regions of the brain involved in pain regulation, including the anterior cingulate, prefrontal and insular cortices (Del Casale et al., 2015), and this could provide a basis for possible analgesic effects. Exaggerated claims of hypnotic analgesia have, however, created scepticism over its efficacy (Larkin, 1999), and a rigorous evaluation of controlled trials is needed to properly evaluate and quantify its effectiveness for reducing pain. A recent meta-analysis of 14 trials of people with chronic pain (Adachi et al., 2014) concluded that hypnosis was effective for managing pain. However, this conclusion was based primarily on a subset of 4 studies comparing hypnosis with standard care (d = .60, CI95[0.03, 1.17]) that was largely unreplicated in other subset comparisons.

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