اثر میانجیگری اضطراب سلامتی و علائم وسواس فکری-عملی در جامعه
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اثر میانجیگری اضطراب سلامتی و علائم وسواس فکری-عملی در جامعه

عنوان فارسی مقاله: عزت نفس و cyberchondria: تأثیرات میانجیگری اضطراب سلامتی و علائم وسواس فکری-عملی در یک نمونه جامعه
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Self-esteem and cyberchondria: The mediation effects of health anxiety and obsessive–compulsive symptoms in a community sample
مجله/کنفرانس: روانشناسی معاصر - Current Psychology
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی، پزشکی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانپزشکی، روانشناسی عمومی، روانشناسی بالینی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: عزت نفس، Cyberchondria، اضطراب سلامتی، علائم وسواس فکری-عملی، مدل میانجیگری
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Self-esteem، Cyberchondria، Health anxiety، Obsessive–compulsive symptoms، Mediation model
نمایه: Scopus - Master journals - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-019-00216-x
دانشگاه: Psychology and Ergonomics Group, Faculty of Computer Science and Management، Wrocław University of Science and Technology، Wrocław، Poland
ناشر: اسپرینگر - Springer
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
ایمپکت فاکتور: 1/906 در سال 2018
شاخص H_index: 35 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 0/599 در سال 2018
شناسه ISSN: 1046-1310
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q2 در سال 2018
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: pdf
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 12
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: بله
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: دارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: دارد
کد محصول: E12895
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


Introduction


Health Anxiety, Obsessive–Compulsive Symptoms and Cyberchondria


Cyberchondria: The Role of Self-Esteem


The Present Study


Method


Participants and Procedure


Measures


Analytical Approach


Results


Preliminary Analysis


Main Mediation Model


Reverse Mediation Model


Discussion


Implications


Limitations and Future Research


Conclusions


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Cyberchondria refers to the excessive and repeated searching for medical information on the Internet and may be considered as health-related problematic Internet use. Previous findings indicated that cyberchondria is positively associated with health anxiety and obsessive–compulsive symptoms. Also, research suggests that excessive or problematic Internet use as well as health worries and compulsive behaviors are present among individuals with low self-esteem. This study sought to examine: (1) the association between self-esteem and cyberchondria, and (2) the mediating role of health anxiety and obsessive– compulsive symptoms in the relationship between self-esteem and cyberchondria. Participants (N = 207) from a community sample completed self-report measures assessing global self-esteem, health anxiety, obsessive–compulsive symptoms, and cyberchondria. We found that self-esteem directly predicted cyberchondria and that health anxiety and obsessive–compulsive symptoms parallelly mediated the relationship between self-esteem and cyberchondria. These findings suggest that low selfesteem, health anxiety and obsessive–compulsive symptoms can be considered vulnerability factors for cyberchondria. In addition, the reverse mediation model indicated that cyberchondria potentially predicts self-esteem both directly and through health anxiety and obsessive–compulsive symptoms. The bidirectional relationship among the analyzed variables are discussed in the context of potential psychological predictors and consequences of cyberchondria and possible mechanisms explaining cyberchondria. The current study provides further insight into the conceptualization of cyberchondria and the feasibility of specific treatment directions.


Introduction


Excessive searching for health-related information on the Internet accompanied by health worry has become increasingly prevalent among adult Internet users. This phenomenon, referred to as Bcyberchondria^, is characterized by frequent and repetitive seeking for medical information online, and associated with the exacerbation of anxious thoughts and feelings about health (Starcevic and Berle 2013, 2015). If anxiety intensifies, it may result in ceasing the search or, quite the opposite it may stimulate further online investigation. This behavioral pattern, which appears to resemble compulsive behaviors, is a form of reassurance seeking that is intended to reduce fear of illness and to restore confidence about good health. Paradoxically, however, it may become a source of even greater anxiety (Starcevic and Berle 2013). Cognitiveaffective components like worrying about health and behavioral factors, such as excessive and repeated online searching for medical information, can be regarded as the most salient characteristics of cyberchondria (Starcevic 2017). Apparently, cyberchondria may have negative consequences, such as the exacerbation of a fear of illnesses, confusion about conflicting medical information, preoccupation with online searching for health-related content at the expense of personal, social and other activities, and potentially a disruption of the relationship with primary care physicians (Starcevic and Berle 2013; McElroy and Shevlin 2014). Recent research has linked cyberchondria to excessive or problematic Internet use (PIU; Fergus and Dolan 2014; Fergus and Spada 2017) and even Internet addiction (Ivanova 2013; Selvi et al. 2018; Durak-Batigun et al. 2018). PIU as a form of maladaptive behavior may lead to significant distress and impairment of daily functioning (Young 1998; Davis 2001; Shapira et al. 2003; Weinstein and Aboujaoude 2015; Laconi et al. 2017).

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