شکل دهی سیگنال های یادگیری عصبی و حافظه توسط ذهنیت هوش
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شکل دهی سیگنال های یادگیری عصبی و حافظه توسط ذهنیت هوش

عنوان فارسی مقاله: ذهنیت هوش سیگنال های یادگیری عصبی و حافظه را شکل می دهد
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Intelligence mindset shapes neural learning signals and memory
مجله/کنفرانس: روانشناسی زیست شناختی - Biological Psychology
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی رشد، روان سنجی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: ذهنیت هوش، Striatum، یادگیری، حافظه، انگیزه
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Intelligence mindset، Striatum، Learning، Memory، Motivation
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: MedLine - Scopus - Master Journals List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2019.06.003
دانشگاه: Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, Newark, NJ 07102, United States
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
ایمپکت فاکتور: 2/828 در سال 2018
شاخص H_index: 107 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 1/481 در سال 2018
شناسه ISSN: 0301-0511
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q2 در سال 2018
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 8
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E13151
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Introduction


2- Methods


3- Results


4- Discussion


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Intelligence mindset, which denotes individual beliefs about whether intelligence is fixed versus malleable, shapes academic success, but the neural mechanisms underlying mindset-related differences in learning are unknown. Here, we probe the effects of individual differences in mindset on neural responses to negative feedback after a competence threat manipulation. We hypothesized that when their competence was threatened, participants with fixed mindsets would interpret further negative feedback as punishing. After receiving either no score or a competence-threatening IQ score, participants performed a learning task with feedback that emphasized either the evaluative or informational weight of negative feedback. Participants who experienced the competence threat had the strongest predictive relationships between mindset, performance, and caudate activation. The competence threat may have compounded the subjective punishment of negative feedback for fixed mindsets relative to growth mindsets, causing poorer learning from negative feedback in the evaluative context and inflexible striatal responses to negative feedback across feedback contexts.


Introduction


Self-belief has been found to have a powerful effect on academic success. One influential line of research has focused on differences in academic achievement and motivation due to intelligence mindset, which refers to individual beliefs about whether intelligence is malleable or fixed (Dweck, Mangels, Good, Dai, & Sternberg, 2004; Dweck, 2006). Those who believe that intelligence is malleable have "growth mindsets" and are referred to as incremental theorists, while those who believe that intelligence is fixed have "fixed mindsets" and are referred to as entity theorists. Holding a fixed mindset can impede goal pursuit and impair test performance (Cury, Da Fonseca, Zahn, & Elliot, 2008), especially in the presence of a competence threat (e.g., an intelligence test). Such threats can strengthen the relationship between goal pursuit and intelligence mindset (Burnette, O’Boyle, VanEpps, Pollack, & Finkel, 2013). For entity theorists, who believe that their performance reflects their abilities in a fixed and unchangeable way, the threat induced by an intelligence test may enhance the threat carried by negative feedback and thus the subjective sense of punishment that it engenders. Whether this interaction between competence threat and intelligence mindset is reflected in neural learning signals remains unknown. Several studies have examined the behavioral and neural correlates of intelligence mindset (Mangels, Butterfield, Lamb, Good, & Dweck, 2006; Moser, Schroder, Heeter, Moran, & Lee, 2011; Myers, Wang, Black, Bugescu, & Hoeft, 2016; Schroder, Moran, Donnellan, & Moser, 2014, 2017). Entity theorists, relative to incremental theorists, demonstrate a stronger alerting response to negative performance evaluative feedback (Mangels et al., 2006) and a reduced attentional allocation to post-error adjustments (Moser et al., 2011; Schroder et al., 2014, 2017). In contrast, incremental theorists have greater co-activation at rest between learning related regions (e.g., the striatum) and other executive function regions (Myers et al., 2016), presumably to support their flexible learning capacity. To date, however, no studies have examined task-based functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) activation related to intelligence mindset or the interaction between intelligence mindset and competence threat. In educational settings, students are consistently presented with standardized tests that challenge their competence.

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