به سمت توسعه یک مقیاس اندازه گیری در مورد جهت گیری کارآفرینی اجتماعی
عنوان فارسی مقاله: جهت گیری کارآفرینی اجتماعی فردی: به سمت توسعه یک مقیاس اندازه گیری
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Individual social entrepreneurship orientation: towards development of a measurement scale
مجله/کنفرانس: مجله نوآوری و کارآفرینی آسیا-اقیانوسیه - Asia Pacific Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مدیریت
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: کارآفرینی، مدیریت منابع انسانی، مدیریت کسب و کار، مدیریت عملکرد
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: کارآفرینی اجتماعی، توسعه مقیاس، کارآفرینان اجتماعی، فردی، جهت گیری کارآفرینی، اشتیاق اجتماعی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Social entrepreneurship، Scale development، Social entrepreneurs، Individual، Entrepreneurship orientation، Social passion
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Master journals - DOAJ
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1108/APJIE-09-2018-0052
دانشگاه: Department of Management Studies, Kashmir University, Srinagar, India
ناشر: امرالد - Emeraldinsight
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 25
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: دارد
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب
2- Literature review
4- Item purification and validation: stage-III
5- Discussion and conclusions
نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله
Purpose - While the literature has described social entrepreneurs as overwhelmingly occupying a pivotal role in social entrepreneurship (S-ENT) process, there is a high inconsistency prevailing with respect to entrepreneurial traits, attitudes and skills of social entrepreneurs. One explanation for this may be the lack of a suitable scale measuring entrepreneurship orientation of social entrepreneurial individuals. The purpose of this study is to address this gap by proposing an initial assessment tool for individual S-ENT orientation (ISEO).
Design/methodology/approach - A mixed methods research design, along with a two-stage Delphi process, helped in generating appropriate constructs for ISEO. While the items for the first dimension of scale were directly derived from the Delphi study, the items of the remaining dimensions were mainly found based on the three individual entrepreneurial orientation dimensions presented by Bolton and Lane. By means of exploratory factor analysis, the final examination of the ISEO items was undertaken through a survey of 71 social entrepreneurs across India. The process eventually resulted in reliable and valid measures for four dimensions of ISEO.
Findings - The scale-development process eventually resulted in a 13-item scale, measuring four dimensions of ISEO (social passion, innovativeness, risk-taking and pro-activeness). By developing a set of relevant ISEO indicators, the study answers the call for a scale development of ISEO in S-ENT literature.
Research limitations/implications - There is a need to further validate this instrument among other stakeholders (students) as well as in samples with different demographic characteristics across different regions of the country and the world. To further evaluate the reliability and validity properties and to confirm the newly established subscales and their relationship with the ISEO construct, there is need for conducting a confirmatory factor analysis using larger sample sizes.
Practical implications - The measurement of SEO at an individual level will assist in S-ENT education, training and development of present and prospective social entrepreneurs, as well as assist individuals who want to assess the strength of their orientation towards S-ENT. The understanding of ISEO at the individual level will be equally useful for S-ENT incubators, the government and other S-ENT stakeholders who are considering supporting S-ENT proposals.
Originality/value - The paper is the first to develop an ISEO scale which is based on empirical data in S-ENT field.
There has been an increased recognition of the role of social entrepreneurship (S-ENT) in addressing social and economic problems worldwide (OECD, 2013). Within developing countries (especially India), the practice of S-ENT becomes all the more important because of the prevalence of a large divide between social development and economic discrimination in such countries (Chell, 2007; Seelos and Mair, 2005). As a result, both government and tertiary institutions have put forward numerous efforts to encourage social businesses within India (ADB Report, 2012; Government’s Twelfth Five Year Plan-2012/2017; Planning Commission, 2013). However, in situations where opportunity cost of education is too high for youngsters, opting for a daunting S-ENT career may be highly calculative (Satar and John, 2016). Nevertheless, India has witnessed an up-rise in the budding number of social entrepreneurs in the past decade (Ashoka’s growing list of Indian social entrepreneurs, 2015). However, the rate of S-ENT growth is still deemed slow as compared to the population growth within India (Datta and Gailey, 2012). While S-ENT within India presents an exceptional opportunity to explore, analyse, challenge and rethink the central concepts and assumptions related to the social and economic development (Satar and John, 2016), the current slow rate of its growth may omit out a novel path to support its citizens (Datta and Gailey, 2012).