تورم و نرخ بیکاری و تاثیر سیاست پولی بدون بهره بر آن
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تورم و نرخ بیکاری و تاثیر سیاست پولی بدون بهره بر آن

عنوان فارسی مقاله: سیاست پولی بدون بهره و تأثیر آن بر تورم و نرخ بیکاری
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Interest-free monetary policy and its impact on inflation and unemployment rates
مجله/کنفرانس: مجله بین المللی ISRA امور مالی اسلامی - ISRA International Journal of Islamic Finance
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: اقتصاد، مدیریت
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: اقتصاد پولی، اقتصاد مالی، مدیریت مالی، مدیریت استراتژیک، مدیریت عملکرد، توسعه اقتصادی و برنامه ریزی، مدیریت دولتی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: عملکرد اقتصادی، سیاست پولی مبتنی بر بهره، سیاست پولی بدون بهره، شاخص فلاکت، قرض الحسنه
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Economic performance، Interest-based monetary policy، Interest-free monetary policy، Misery index، Qard-al Hasan
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus - Master journals - DOAJ
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1108/IJIF-06-2018-0065
دانشگاه: Department of Economics and Finance, University of Bahrain, Bahrain
ناشر: امرالد - Emeraldinsight
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
ایمپکت فاکتور: 0/300 در سال 2019
شاخص H_index: 2 در سال 2020
شاخص SJR: 0/120 در سال 2019
شناسه ISSN: 2289-4365
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q4 در سال 2019
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 17
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: بله
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E13267
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


Introduction


Foundations of interest-free monetary policy and review of recent literature


The model


Interest-free monetary policy and the aggregate expenditure function


Interest-free monetary policy and macroeconomic equilibrium


Theoretical foundation of interest-free monetary policy and its impact on reducing both inflation and unemployment rates


Rightward shift in the aggregate supply curve


Evidence from 23 developed capitalist countries on mean differences in misery index between interest-based monetary policy (Group X) and interestfree monetary policy (Group Y) countries


Statistical test of mean differences between Group X and Group Y


Conclusion


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Purpose - This paper aims to examine the effects of interest-free and interest-based monetary policy on inflation and unemployment rates for two groups of countries where in one group, interest-free monetary policy (IFMP) was pursued, while in the other group, interest-based monetary policy (IBMP) was followed. Design/methodology/approach - This study involves a sample of 23 developed countries divided into two groups. The authors measure economic performance by misery index (MI), and MI is calculated as unemployment rate plus inflation rate. A group of countries, where MI is lower, performs better compared to the other group where MI is relatively higher.
Findings - The results reveal that in group of 12 countries where IFMP is adopted, the MI is lower and thus performs better compared to a group of countries where IBMP is pursued.
Research limitations/implications - The findings of this study have profound implications for the policymakers and government leaders who look for a solution to maintain both low inflation and unemployment rates. The findings in this study clearly portray that such ideal situations can only be achieved by pursuing IFMP. No wonder the countries which have been historically pursuing IFMP such as Japan, Switzerland, Sweden, the Netherlands and Denmark have been able to contain both inflation and unemployment rates compared to their counterparts among the English-speaking countries.
Originality/value - This is one of the most recent tests on the differences in economic performance between IFMP and IBMP. These results have significant value for policymakers and central bankers who have been struggling to maintain lower MI for decades.


Introduction


For over a year, Eurozone countries have pursued an interest-free monetary policy (IFMP). Some Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries such as Japan, Denmark, Sweden and Switzerland went even further and followed negative central bank (CB) interest rates (see sources of CB interest rates), while other OECD countries pursued positive bank rates. The decision to follow negative interest or IFMP is a new development for these Eurozone countries plus another five prominent OECD members, most of which are developed capitalist countries. IFMP, or interest-free banking, has its roots in the divine revelations of the Qurʾan, the words of Allah (may He be exalted), and the traditions (  hadīth) of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). As such, an interest-free economic system has profound and positive impacts on investment spending, consumption spending and aggregate expenditures, all of which in turn increase output, employment and income. An increase in output eliminates shortages and excess demand and thereby stabilises the price level. In addition, IFMP lowers the overall costs of financing, resulting in a rightward shift of the aggregate supply curve, and thereby increases real gross domestic product (GDP) and reduces the price level. An increase in real GDP increases employment and decreases the unemployment rate. The reduction in the price level caused by the rightward shift in the aggregate supply curve decreases the inflation rate.

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