سازمان و حاکمیت نوآوری
ترجمه نشده

سازمان و حاکمیت نوآوری

عنوان فارسی مقاله: سازمان و حاکمیت نوآوری در چین – چشم انداز پیش بینی سیاست گذاری
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: China’s organization and governance of innovation – A policy foresight perspective
مجله/کنفرانس: پیش بینی فناورانه و تغییرات اجتماعی – Technological Forecasting and Social Change
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مدیریت
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: مدیریت نوآوری و فناری، سیاست های تحقیق و توسعه
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: علم و تکنولوژی، علم ، فناوری و نوآوری، تحقیق و توسعه، سیاست نوآوری، ابزارهای سیاست گذاری، اهداف سیاست گذاری، اجرای سیاست
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: S&T، STI، R&D، Innovation policy، Policy instruments، Policy objectives، Policy implementation
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2019.05.029
دانشگاه: University of Plymouth, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
ایمپکت فاکتور: 4.852 در سال 2018
شاخص H_index: 93 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 1.422 در سال 2018
شناسه ISSN: 0040-1625
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2018
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 16
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: بله
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: دارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: دارد
کد محصول: E13353
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1. Introduction and background of study


2. Theoretical framework – policy instruments, objectives and implementation for innovation


3. Research design, samples and variables


4. Mapping policy goals with policy instruments and implementation


5. Further discussion: implications, abstraction and conceptualization


6. Conclusion


Acknowledgements


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


We study China’s organization and governance of innovation in this paper from a policy foresight perspective. With its experience of planning systems, China resorts to state intervention in economic and social activities, which profoundly includes research and innovation. The government organizes and governs a vast national science and technology system, most of which is in the state sector, demonstrating the importance and relevance of its research and innovation policy. In this study, 343 innovation policy items, collected in our sample for the period 1990 and 2013, have been scrutinized in a three dimension analytical framework for policy instruments, objectives and implementation. We then abstract and conceptualize the results and findings arrived at the study. Targeted and general purpose policy instruments are categorized. Patterns have emerged revealing the linkages between the targeted policy instruments and the policy objectives. The results and findings based conceptualization contributes to innovate the thinking in innovation policy configuration to advance national innovation constructs.


Introduction and background of study


Technological advance and innovative application of science is pivotal to economic growth. ‘Science and technology (S&T) give capital a power of expansion independent of the given magnitude of the capital actually functioning’, Marx maintained (Marx, 1867, p418). Schumpeter (1942) conceived creative destruction from exploring Marx’s analysis of bourgeois society, its relations of production and means of production and of exchange. The process of creative destruction incessantly revolutionizes the economic structure from within, incessantly destroying the old one, incessantly creating a new one (Schumpeter, 1942, p83). Henceforth one of the major driving forces for economic development is innovation and the associated research and development (R&D), while innovation policy fosters R&D.1 We pay attention to China’s innovation policy that is instrumental to implementing medium to long-term S&T planning frameworks specifically in this study, given its status as the largest emerging economy and the second largest economy in the world. Moreover, with its experience of planning systems, China resorts to state intervention in research and innovation. The government organizes and governs a vast national science and technology system, most of which is in the state sector. Nonetheless, national planning in science, technology and innovation (STI) fields is not unique to China; it’s not unique to the former planning economies either. As early as in the 1980s, Roessner (1985) examined the efforts in the US to initiate and implement a national innovation policy, though his assessment of the prospects for a national innovation policy was rather negative at the time.

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