نگرش های خشونت آمیز نسبت به زنان
ترجمه نشده

نگرش های خشونت آمیز نسبت به زنان

عنوان فارسی مقاله: کمتر از انسان: اختلالات روانی، از دست دادن صفات انسانی و نگرش های جنسی و خشونت آمیز نسبت به زنان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Less than human: psychopathy, dehumanization, and sexist and violent attitudes towards women
مجله/کنفرانس: شخصیت و تفاوت های فردی – Personality and Individual Differences
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی بالینی، روانشناسی عمومی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: اختلالات روانی، از دست دادن صفات انسانی، تبعیض جنسی، خشونت
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Psychopathy، Dehumanization، Sexism، Violence
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2019.06.002
دانشگاه: Brock University, Canada
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
ایمپکت فاکتور: 2.383 در سال 2018
شاخص H_index: 141 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 1.245 در سال 2018
شناسه ISSN: 0191-8869
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2018
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 11
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: بله
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: دارد
کد محصول: E13709
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1. Introduction


2. Study 1 hypotheses


3. Study 1 method


4. Study 1 results and discussion


5. Study 2


6. Method study 2


7. Study 2 results and discussion


8. General discussion


Acknowledgements


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Psychopathy is associated with a variety of negative attitudes and behaviours towards women; however, the mechanisms that underlie these associations have yet to be fully examined. The current work examined dehumanization, a social-psychological construct, as a potential mechanism facilitating the association between subclinical psychopathy and negative attitudes towards women. Two online studies with all-male samples were conducted to examine whether dehumanization helps to explain the association between psychopathy and sexist and violent attitudes towards women. In Study 1 (n = 514), path analyses indicated that psychopathy was indirectly related to sexist and violent attitudes towards women through dehumanization. Study 2 (n = 265) replicated the findings of Study 1 regarding sexism. It also included a date rape analogue measure of violent attitudes and was able to expand on the findings of Study 1, though only for the interpersonal and affective components of psychopathy. These results may suggest that individuals high in psychopathic traits see women as sub-human, this dehumanizing appraisal may be facilitating attitudes and behaviours that are consistent with the idea that women are less than human and deserve to be treated as such. Our results suggest that dehumanization may be an important mechanism for understanding, and potentially mitigating, the association between psychopathy and negative attitudes towards women.


Introduction


Theodor (Ted) Bundy, the prolific serial killer, often referred to his female victims as “cargo” or “damaged goods” (Simon, 1999, p.23). He discussed being driven to possess women as one would be driven to “possess a potted plant, a painting, or a Porsche” (Bearak, 1989, p.2). This dehumanizing attitude culminated in the murder, rape, and mutilation of as many as 50 female victims (Bearak, 1989). Dr. Hervey Cleckley, a seminal psychopathy researcher, considered Bundy to be a self-absorbed psychopath (Ramsland, 2013). Though this example is anecdotal, it could suggest that dehumanizing attitudes may help to explain how psychopaths treat women. Consequently, we were interested in examining the role dehumanization plays in the association between psychopathy and negative attitudes towards women. The current work was focused on replicating previous findings which suggested that psychopathy is positively related to negative and violent attitudes towards women, and then determining if dehumanization may be an explanatory pathway which connects psychopathy to these attitudes (Study 1). The current work then examined if these findings were evident when examining behaviour, rather than self-reported attitudes (Study 2).

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