نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله
Since the availability of financial resources is reduced, concern for increasing organizational efficiency and effectiveness becomes more conspicuous in any field, including in the public administration. Naturally this raises the question: how can this be accomplished?, calling for a solution that is easy to apply and requiring reduced costs, solution the implementation of which should lead to increased productivity in terms of rationality of resources and whose final outcome is fulfilling goals. But this use of different means to achieve the goal, in conditions of optimum efficiency, defines what is called organizational management. Related to this, the work – research itself is how the management system applied in public institutions in Romania, relates to features like the management hierarchy; strategic management application; the chosen management style; the decision-making system; ethics and integrity or communication management and beyond, in order to identify the weaknesses in the management process practiced at this level of customization at two such institutions. Also, following the analysis of the field, the paper addresses the issues relating to the identification of features of process management as they are applied at the company level and which might prove useful to public institutions in Romania, thus generating a greater degree of efficiency. The research methodology used to perform the work consisted of: study and literature review and analysis of information provided by the specialized sites. They were also used: synthesis and comparative analysis, all of which completed the interpretation of results.
Today, in the conditions of the development of management as a science, it is known that the performance of an organization is directly influenced by the quality of leadership, alongside a multitude of other factors. Management can therefore constitute the foundation of high and sustainable organizational performance, provided that a plurality of requirements are met, such as for example: creating the framework for enabling access to senior levels of management elites in the field, aspect coupled with continuous improvement of executive staff; encouraging a participatory climate to the fulfillment of goals; choice of motivational solutions that contribute positively to the organization’s progress and at the same time to stimulate creativity; aspects that will ensure such operation of the organization in terms of efficiency and effectiveness. Therefore, the ability of the leader to combine human resources and informational materials in a rational manner, towards achieving the objectives, is what defines managerial efficiency, while managerial effectiveness is limited to tasks and objectives. Correlative approach to management effectiveness and efficiency characterizes what is called professional management and its practice involves the use of management subsystems that make up the system, also including organizational structure; decision subsystem; Information and communication subsystem and more. Compared to the previous statements, it is further emphasized how management of public institutions relates to such features, compared to management practiced at firm level.