نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله
It is very well known in the knowledge management literature that knowledge has become an engine of social, economic and cultural development in today’s world. Involvement of education in economic growth occurs through creation of new knowledge and transfer of knowledge and information. Better educated individuals will later become an innovator or creator of new technology. Schools provide the education necessary to understand this new information and technology. Education is a vital factor for the accumulation of intellectual capital to reach economic growth. As a small developing island with its eleven universities, government assigning education is one of the locomotive sectors of the North Cyprus economy. Today’s globalised world, transforming economies from traditional labour based production technique to modern knowledge based production technique is inevitable. Rise of knowledge and technology- intensive jobs and economic activities, investment in knowledge based assets and increasing well qualified and educated workforces indicates the knowledge based economic transformation is necessary and inevitable for rapid economic growth. The main purpose of this paper is to point out knowledge and knowledge based economies and creates both the public and government awareness about knowledge based economy in North Cyprus. The paper also investigates the importance of human capital, intellectual capital and intangible assets in production process and emphasizes the importance of technology based highly productive production systems and their impact on economic development. The study will be a reference to other small economies as well.
As stated by Davenport and Prusak(1998) knowledge is a fluid mix of framed experience, values, contextual information, and expert insight that provides a framework for evaluating and incorporating new experience, values, contextual information. It originates and is applied in the minds of knower’s. Knowledge arises as a dynamic learning process that occurs between individuals, teams, organizations and communities (Hawkings, 1994). The traditional economy based on the use of factors of production- land, labor, capital and entrepreneurs – in the production process. Economic value was mainly based on the productivity and effective use of traditional factors of productions. But today’s world, economies facing with two new factors of production- information and knowledge. According to Malhotra (2003) knowledge differs from physical assets and requires understanding in terms of quality and content of performance outcomes. Technological improvement and globalization are catalysts for the use of knowledge and information in the production process. Societies started to turn into the information societies which have created the knowledge economy.