بخشی از مقاله (انگلیسی)
The importance of intangible cultural heritage refer to the wealth of knowledge and skills that is transmitted from one generation to the next ones. First of all, for the minority groups and for mainstream social groups, the social and economic value of knowledge is relevant. Intangible cultural heritage is expressed through process, phrases, know-how, and abilities- that include associated objects and cultural spaces – that people distinguish as component of their cultural heritage. Spread through generations and constantly recreated, it ensures humanity with a sense of identity and continuity. Secondly, different sectors of the economy, for instance: rates of growth and development, the volumes of outflow of foreign exchange, infrastructure development, new management techniques and the training experience are certainly contributing to the economic and social development of a country. Safeguarding intangible cultural heritage is a valuable source of the economy. Safeguarding activities must therefore always involve the society, people and, where appropriate, individuals that bear such heritage. The global wealth of traditions is the principal motivation for travel, with tourists seeking to find out about new cultures and to experience the global difference of performing arts, handcrafts, rituals and cuisines. The cultural cooperation stimulates by such meeting prompts discussion, builds understanding and encourage tolerance and peace. Persons who realize these values, everywhere in the world have their own way for spreading their knowledge and skills, for the most of the times relies on word of mouth rather than written texts. In conclusion, the intangible cultural heritages create bridges between past, present and future; they make continuity and change the structure of the society with experiences like transition and transcendence.
In Europe, tourism is take in account as one of the sectors with the best growth prospects, that has positive effects on the number of new working places. The influx of tourists and visitors in different regions is, also, determined by the attractiveness, value, quantity and quality of tourist attractions in these areas, and the level of knowledge and presentation. Tourism is a vital source of income and employment, it is fundamental for many parts of Europe and for some of them even indispensable, since it is an important factor to improve competitiveness. European Union gives rightful importance to tourism, which contributes substantially to its economic and social objectives. European tourism faces many challenges: global economic crisis, increasing competition with other destinations, the consequences of climate changes or its seasonal nature. On the one hand, the industry must adapt to social developments that will influence demand in the tourism sector, on the other hand, it has to face the constraints of the current structure of the sector, its specific characteristics, as well as its economic and social context according to Nicula, Spanu and Neagu (2013). Authors Tri Anggraini, Sadasivam, Alpana (2015) consider that the heritage offers identity to a country, and also culture sustain development. In this domain if you have possibilities to bring back to live the potential of the regions that can give unique products in the tourist market and complementary activities, that have the role to increase employment, with positive externalities on quality of life. Heritage is one of the important components which has the role to create character, identity and image of city.