نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله
Innovation involves taking a risk and accepting a potential of failure. Thus, reporting to our public administrative system, the process of innovation is not normally associated with thinking and acting within the public sector. This is a real challenge, and if this challenge is overcome, innovation has the proper internal channels to take effect. Innovation is a dynamic process that changes the overall architecture of government, identify issues, challenges, develop new processes, creative, and selection and implementation of new solutions. Thus, in general the features of innovation coincides largely with the reform process. Important factor on promoting innovation is promoting a creative mindset. The innovation process is essential to increase public sector efficiency and for delivering quality and competitive public services. The purpose of this paper is to present and analyze innovation as a social phenomenon and how it is tangential to the public administration reform and identify the defining characteristics that classify the reform process as one innovative. Based on a review and analysis of the literature, acceptions of the reform process and innovation in the public sector, its objectives, motivational factors, barriers, and indissoluble link between reform and innovation will be presented in this paper.
For more than half a century, scientists from around the world have conducted academic research and analyzed the innovation process. While a big part of this research has focused on various aspects of innovation, (Osborne, ۲۰۱۳; Henderson and Clark, 1990; Utterback, 1994) the tendency has turned to exploring other forms of innovation such as the innovation of processes, the innovation in services and the strategic innovation, in order to understand the way in which they are managed and how they are contributing to successful outcomes in the long term. In this paper the focus is on the accumulation of the research not on only one form of innovation and in particular on the processes by which they are achieved. We will present a definition and a theorization of the main types of innovation, of the connection between invention and innovation, innovation and reform, management practices, the process, structure or technique, which will be incorporated into a new model for an organization’s objectives. The aim of this research study is a contribution to developing our theoretical appreciation of the existing literature theories which are focused on analyzing innovation. This paper attempts to address the lack of a satisfactory theoretical understanding of change as exposed by (Caldwell, 2006). It is a study that focuses on developing a comprehensive understanding of the phenomenon to be able to relate this concept of innovation with the changes and the reform processes from the public administration.