ارتباط بین سلامت روان، جرم و خشونت
ترجمه نشده

ارتباط بین سلامت روان، جرم و خشونت

عنوان فارسی مقاله: ارتباط بین سلامت روان، جرم و خشونت
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: The link between mental health, crime and violence
مجله/کنفرانس: ایده های جدید در روانشناسی - New Ideas In Psychology
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: حقوق، روانشناسی، پزشکی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی صنعتی و سازمانی، روانشناسی عمومی، حقوق عمومی، روانپزشکی، روانشناسی بالینی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: سلامت روان، جرم، خشونت، پرخاشگری
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Mental health، Crime، Violence، Aggression
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus - Master Journals List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.newideapsych.2020.100779
دانشگاه: Department of Psychology, School of Human and Health Sciences, University of Huddersfield, Queensgate, Huddersfield, HD1 3DH, UK
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2020
ایمپکت فاکتور: 1/867 در سال 2019
شاخص H_index: 36 در سال 2020
شاخص SJR: 0/718 در سال 2019
شناسه ISSN: 0732-118X
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q2 در سال 2019
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 8
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E14274
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Introduction


2- Method


3- Results


4- Discussion


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Research investigating the link between mental health, crime and violence often rely on populations that are at a high-risk of violent and criminal behaviour, such as prison inmates and psychiatric patients. As a result of this selection bias, the relationship between mental health, criminal and violent behaviour is significantly over-estimated, with mental health being incorrectly linked with violent and criminal behaviours. This study examines the relationship between mental health, violence and crime in a more representative community-based sample. One hundred and twenty-one individuals with and without a mental health disorder reported their involvement in crime and completed an aggression questionnaire. The results revealed that there is no statistically significant difference in terms of violence and crime involvement between individuals with a mental health diagnosis and those without. Moreover, the study did not find any statistically significant associations between specific mental health disorders and specific crime offences. The findings suggest that certain mental health disorders do not strongly contribute to crime violence and involvement. Limitations and implications are discussed in detail.


Introduction


Individuals diagnosed with a mental health disorder are accountable for a fraction of violent offenders (1%) and are responsible for only a small percentage of societal violence and criminal behaviour (5%) (Fazel & Grann, 2006; Taylor, 2008; Varshney, Mahpatra, Krishnan, Gupta & Deb, 2015 Vinkers, de Beurs, Barendregt, Rinne, & Hoek, 2012; Walsh, Buchanan, & Fahy, 2002; Rueve & Welton, 2008). These findings suggest that there is not a clear established link between mental health and violent criminal behaviour, except for psychopathy (; Hart, 1998). Despite this, persistent stereotypes continue to exist which often associates mental health disorders with criminal and violent behaviour; animage that is frequently reinforced through mass media outlets (Angermeyer, Dietrich, Pott, & Matschinger, 2005). Mass media sensationalises violent crimes such as mass shootings that has been committed by an individual with a mental health illness. Their main focus is the mental health aspect, without acknowledging that most violent acts in society are carried out by someone without a mental health illness (Varshney et al., 2015). This consequentially creates, shapes and propagates negative public attitudes, beliefs and misconceptions surrounding mental health disorders and their relationship with crime and violent behaviour (Coverdale, Nairn, & Claasen, 2002). Television characters that have a mental health disorder are frequently portrayed as being more violent in comparison to other characters without a mental health disorder (Diefenbach & West, 2007); with one in four of those television characters portrayed as a murderer. Additionally, Diefenbach and West (2007) found that at least one third of characters with a mental health disorder committed at least one violent crime.

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