پیامدهای اشتغال برای افراد معلول
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پیامدهای اشتغال برای افراد معلول

عنوان فارسی مقاله: پیامدهای اشتغال برای افراد دارای معلولیت های ذهنی و رشدی: مروری بر نوشتجات
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Employment Outcomes for Individuals with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: A Literature Review
مجله/کنفرانس: بررسی خدمات کودکان و نوجوانان – Children and Youth Services Review
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی، مدیریت
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی صنعتی و سازمانی، روانشناسی عمومی، کارآفرینی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: معلولیت های ذهنی و رشدی، اشتغال پشتیبانی شده، اشتغال محافظت شده، اشتغال سفارشی، اشتغال رقابتی، پیامدها
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: intellectual and developmental disabilities, supported employment, sheltered employment, customized employment, competitive employment, outcomes
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2019.104656
دانشگاه: Special Education Department, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Karj, Saudi Arabia
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2020
ایمپکت فاکتور: 1.931 در سال 2019
شاخص H_index: 77 در سال 2020
شاخص SJR: 0.754 در سال 2019
شناسه ISSN: 0190-7409
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2019
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 41
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: بله
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: دارد
کد محصول: E14507
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


۱٫ Introduction


۲٫ Methodology


۳٫ Results


۴٫ Discussion and implications for practice and research


۵٫ Conclusion


Author statement


Declaration of Competing Interest


Appendix A.


Appendix B. Supplementary material


Research Data


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


This review examined various studies regarding the employment outcomes for adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) within the United States. This review provides a snapshot of the individuals’ employment rate, setting, income, quality of life, and well-being. A thorough literature review was conducted to retrieve studies and gather information. The studies were retrieved from Proquest, Ebscohost, Emerald, Google Scholar, and Web of Science. Other databases included Eric and PsycINFO. The inclusion criteria were the studies published after the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990, as well as the studies published in English and limited to the population of the United States. A total of 27 studies were included in the review. The results indicated that the employment settings for individuals with IDD, such as sheltered, supported, or competitive employment, have different impacts on working hours and weekly wages. This paper also established that the employment of individuals with IDD has a positive influence on their self-esteem, selfconfidence, career progression, and independence levels, especially in integrated employment. Furthermore, this review demonstrated that the work of such individuals provides a source of income and enables them to contribute to the national economy through taxes. However, the review suggests that there is still a need to improve the employment of such individuals in order to increase the employment outcomes to significant levels. There is a need to mainly focus on enhancing sheltered employment whose results are relatively lower when compared to the other forms of work. Practices and research implications were also discussed.


Introduction


Historically, people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) were secluded to family homes and private and public establishments (Olney & Kennedy, 2001). However, changes in the late 1960s led to deinstitutionalization and increased financial support for community-based services focused on community-based living for people with IDD. This expansion also characterized the period of special education services, daycare services, and facility-based workshops becoming mainstream (Migliore, Mank, Grossi, & Rogan, 2007). Furthermore, federal legislation with regard to individuals with developmental disabilities (DD) (such as the amendments to the Rehabilitation Act of 1986, Americans with Disabilities Act 1990, and Rehabilitation Act Amendments1992, the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000, and the amendments to the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act 2014) have emphasized enhanced employment opportunities for individuals with IDD. These legislative changes and other factors, such as customized training programs, work environment-related factors, technology, facility-based employment, and integrated employment, have enhanced both employment opportunities and outcomes for people with IDD (Test, Mazzotti et al., 2009). Customized training is a type of training that includes the employer’s commitment to share expenses with the training provider in order to meet precise skills.

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