سرمایه انسانی و رشد اقتصادی
ترجمه نشده

سرمایه انسانی و رشد اقتصادی

عنوان فارسی مقاله: تغییرات جمعیتی، سرمایه انسانی و رشد اقتصادی در کره
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Demographic change, human capital, and economic growth in Korea
مجله/کنفرانس: اقتصاد جهان و ژاپن – Japan and the World Economy
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: اقتصاد
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: اقتصاد نظری، توسعه اقتصادی و برنامه ریزی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: سالمندی، تغییرات جمعیتی، آموزش، سرمایه انسانی، رشد، تعلیم
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Aging، Demographic change، Education، Human capital، Growth، Training
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.japwor.2019.100984
دانشگاه: Fellow, Korea Institute of Public Finance, Republic of Korea
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2020
ایمپکت فاکتور: 0.744 در سال 2019
شاخص H_index: 31 در سال 2020
شاخص SJR: 0.250 در سال 2019
شناسه ISSN: ۰۹۲۲-۱۴۲۵
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q3 در سال 2019
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 12
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E14651
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


JEL classification


۱٫ Introduction


۲٫ Some facts on demographics and labor market in Korea


۳٫ Estimates of human capital growth


۴٫ The contribution of human capital on economic growth


۵٫ Projections of human capital growth, 2020–۲۰۴۰


۶٫ Conclusion


Acknowledgment


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


We construct a measure of human capital using micro datasets on labor composition of age, gender, education, and wage rate and analyze its role in economic growth for the Korean economy. Over the past three decades, human capital has grown steadily at about 1% per year, contrasting to a continuously declining trend of total work-hours. This growth has been driven by the rise of better-educated baby-boom cohorts. A growth accounting exercise shows that human capital contributes significantly to economic growth; it accounted for 0.5% points of annual GDP growth over the period. Human capital is projected to remain a major growth factor over the next two decades as the increase in educational attainment continues. Increased employment rate of elderly or female workers reduces the aggregate human capital growth while increasing the available labor. Polices to improve human capital of female or elderly workers help to increase aggregate human capital growth.


Introduction


The Republic of Korea (henceforth, Korea) is known for its economic accomplishments. It grew at an average rate of 7.6% each year from 1965 to 2015,1 making it one of the fastest growing economies in the world. Numerous studies on the backdrop of Korea’s economic achievement have pointed out the improvement in human resources, alongside higher savings and investment ratios, greater trade openness, and improvements in rule of law, as significant factors for this growth (Lee, 2016). The expansion and upgradation of the workforce have played a critical role in helping Korea catch up with the economic development of advanced economies. In the early stages, Korea enjoyed a large demographic dividend as large baby boom cohorts reached working age, boosting the nations productive capacity. The nation has also accumulated a stock of educated workforce at an unprecedented rate, backed by a strong household demand for higher education, and high public investment in the education sector. The abundant supply of welleducated labor force has allowed Korea to improve the competitiveness of its industries, transforming the economy into one of the worlds’ top exporters. In this paper, we present a measure of aggregate human capital stock in Korea and evaluate the contribution of human capital to GDP growth rate from 1986 to 2017. In addition to analyzing the past human capital development, we construct projections of human capital growth over 2020–۲۰۴۰, considering changes in population structure, educational attainment, and main labor market variables, such as employment and wage rate, with diff ;erent sets of scenarios.

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