موفقیت در تغییر نگرشها نسبت به لکنت زبان
ترجمه نشده

موفقیت در تغییر نگرشها نسبت به لکنت زبان

عنوان فارسی مقاله: موفقیت در تغییر نگرشها نسبت به لکنت زبان: یک تحلیل گذشته نگر از 29 مطالعه مداخله ای
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Success in changing stuttering attitudes: A retrospective analysis of 29 intervention studies
مجله/کنفرانس: مجله اختلالات ارتباطی - Journal Of Communication Disorders
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی عمومی، روانسنجی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: لکنت زبان، نگرشها، موفقیت مداخله ای، POSHA-S، ویژگی های مداخله ای
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Stuttering، Attitudes، Intervention success، POSHA–S، Intervention characteristics
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus - Master Journals List - JCR - MedLine
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcomdis.2019.105972
دانشگاه: West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2020
ایمپکت فاکتور: 1/471 در سال 2019
شاخص H_index: 56 در سال 2020
شاخص SJR: 0/663 در سال 2019
شناسه ISSN: 0021-9924
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q2 در سال 2019
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 52
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: بله
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: دارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: دارد
کد محصول: E14674
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Introduction


2- Method


3- Results


4- Discussion


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Assumptions to Improve Public Attitudes


The literature reporting public misinformation about stuttering and resulting stereotypes, stigma, and discrimination against those who stutter is voluminous (cf. reviews by Boyle & Blood, 2015; Gabel, 2015; Hughes, 2015; Langevin, 2015). Almost every exploratory study of public attitudes has ended with a call for education of the public about stuttering, with the stated or unstated assumption that providing accurate information about the disorder would be sufficient to improve public attitudes (e.g., Bellegarde, Mayo, St. Louis, Mayo, 2016; Cooper & Cooper, 1985; Dorsey & Guenther, 2000; Ham, 1990; Hughes, 2015; St. Louis, Przepiórka, et al., 2014; Xing Ming, Jing, Wen, & Van Borsel, 2001; Valente, St. Louis, Leahy, Hall, & Jesus, 2017). If such information were to be made available to the public, a further and often stated assumption is that the quality of life of children and adults who stutter would be improved as a result of growing up and/or living in a more accepting and informed society.


Investigations to Improve Stuttering Attitudes


Compared to studies that stopped at documenting negative attitudes, relative few investigations have attempted, experimentally, to improve them. In her review of the extant literature in 2013, Abdalla (2015) identified 15 such studies (Abdalla & St. Louis, 2014; Coleman et al., 2013; Delaney, 2001; Flynn & St. Louis, 2011; Gottwald et al., 2011; Gottwald, Kent, St. Louis, & Hartley, 2014; Hughes, Gabel, Roseman, & Daniels, 2015; Junuzović-Žunić et al., 2015; Leahy, 1994; Langevin & Prasad, 2012; Mayo, Mayo, Gentry, & Hildebrandt, 2008; McGee, Kalinowski, & Stuart, 1996; Reichel & St. Louis, 2004; Reichel & St. Louis, 2007; Snyder, 2001). Abdalla concluded that “Studies that have attempted to ameliorate negative stereotypes toward people who stutter have been inconclusive. Some have reported positive changes, while others have found either no shift in attitude or a change in the reverse direction (i.e., intervention allegedly reinforced the negative stereotypes)” (p. 117). Factors identified by Abdalla (2015) that should be considered in evaluating the research related to changing attitudes included: (a) specific constructs targeted for change; (b) prior exposure of participants to people who stutter; (c) selection criteria for participants; (d) mode of the intervention (e.g., video, coursework, or direct interaction with a stuttering person); (e) actual content of the stimuli provided; and (f) methods of design, analysis, and interpretation. Stressing that these factors are interrelated, she noted, “While the stimuli used to change attitudes may partially explain the lack of consensus in changing attitudes of fluent speakers toward stuttering, the stimuli adopted in a study must be meaningful for the target population” (p. 124, italics added). This implies that both characteristics of the interventions as well as characteristics of the persons targeted are important in explaining the success of attitude change endeavors.

  • اشتراک گذاری در

دیدگاه خود را بنویسید:

تاکنون دیدگاهی برای این نوشته ارسال نشده است

موفقیت در تغییر نگرشها نسبت به لکنت زبان
نوشته های مرتبط
مقالات جدید
پیوندها