دیدگاه های مشترک والدین و مربیان مدرسه ابتدایی درباره طیف اوتیسم
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دیدگاه های مشترک والدین و مربیان مدرسه ابتدایی درباره طیف اوتیسم

عنوان فارسی مقاله: مشارکت مدرسه: دیدگاه های مشترک والدین و مربیان دانش آموزان مدرسه ابتدایی درباره طیف اوتیسم
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: School participation: The shared perspectives of parents and educators of primary school students on the autism spectrum
مجله/کنفرانس: تحقیق در مورد ناتوانی های رشدی - Research In Developmental Disabilities
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی، پزشکی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی بالینی، روانشناسی بالینی کودک و نوجوان، روانشناسی رشد، روانپزشکی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: اختلال طیف اوتیسم، تحقیقات کیفی، مشارکت مدرسه، مسیر اصلی، دبستان، دیدگاه ها
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Autism spectrum disorder، Qualitative research، School participation، Mainstream،Primary school، Perspectives
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus - Master Journals List - JCR - MedLine
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2019.103550
دانشگاه: School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2020
ایمپکت فاکتور: 2/037 در سال 2019
شاخص H_index: 76 در سال 2020
شاخص SJR: 0/851 در سال 2019
شناسه ISSN: 0891-4222
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q2 در سال 2019
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 12
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E14824
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Introduction


2- Methods


3- Results


4- Discussion


5- Limitations and future research


6- Conclusion


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Background: An international focus on the inclusion of students with disabilities in mainstream schools and the increased prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has contributed to increasing numbers of students with ASD enrolling in mainstream schools. The school participation restrictions of adolescent students with ASD is widely researched, but less is known about the challenges faced by primary school students with ASD and how early in their schooling these challenges arise. Methods: Focus groups were used to explore the perspectives of parents and educators on the school participation of primary school students with ASD. Focus group data were analysed thematically. Results: Four themes were derived from the data: (1) more than just being there; (2) meeting in the middle; (3) consistency of supports; and (4) embrace difference. Conclusions: Findings from this study highlight that students aged between 6 and 11 years experience school participation restrictions due to a range of intrinsic (e.g., sense of self and school belonging) and extrinsic factors (e.g., school culture, educator knowledge and skills). It is imperative school based interventions are developed and implemented in the early primary years, that not only target students’ skills, but the range of environmental enablers and barriers impacting student school participation.


Introduction


An international focus on the inclusion of students with disabilities in mainstream school and the increased prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has contributed to increasing numbers of students with ASD enrolling in mainstream schools (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2016; Frederickson, Simmonds, Evans, & Soulsby, 2007). While there has been positive change in the last decade toward the inclusion and provision of supports for students with ASD in mainstream settings, international and Australian research suggests students with ASD continue to encounter a range of barriers to their participation in mainstream schools (Batten, Corbett, Rosenblatt, Withers, & Yuille, 2006; Lilley, 2012; McDonald, 2010). According to the family of participation related constructs (fPRC), developed by Imms et al. (2016), participation is comprised of two essential components: “attendance, defined as ‘being there’ and measured as frequency of attending, and/or the range or diversity of activities; and involvement, the experience of participation while attending” (Imms et al., 2016, p. 18). In the context of education, this means being actively engaged in activities, tasks and routines that are typical for students of that age in a given education system, as well as a subjective feeling of belonging to, and being active in the school environment (Libbey, 2004). Merely being present in a mainstream classroom does not lead to participation and is not indicative of successful inclusion (Symes & Humphrey, 2012). Frederickson et al. (2007) found primary school students with special educational needs (SEN), including ASD, to be more likely to experience bullying and social exclusion from peers. This study highlighted that without structured supports such as peer preparation in the early years, inclusion cannot be achieved. Despite legislation that requires education systems to make reasonable adjustments to ensure students with ASD are included in mainstream settings (UNESCO, 1994), there is growing concern about the education experiences of students with ASD (Chen & Schwartz, 2012; Hebron & Humphrey, 2012; Zablotsky, Bradshaw, & Andersen, 2013). Future research is required that goes beyond the numbers of students included, but that explores the experiences of students with ASD in mainstream classrooms to better understand their social and affective outcomes (Frederickson et al., 2007). Many studies have explored the participation experiences of adolescent students with ASD in mainstream schools (Hedges et al., 2014; Saggers, Hwang, & Mercer, 2011). Many adolescent students with ASD under achieve relative to their cognitive abilities (Ashburner, Ziviani, & Rodger, 2008); have higher rates of absenteeism, suspension and exclusion from school (Barnard, Prior, & Potter, 2000; Osler & Osler, 2002); spend less time interacting and have lower quality of interactions with peers (Sigman et al., 1999); and require a higher level of one to one assistance from aides than peers (Bauminger & Kasari, 2000). These challenges make students with ASD more vulnerable to bullying compared to typically developing peers (Jones & Frederickson, 2010), resulting in disruption to educational progress (Batten et al., 2006), reduced self-esteem (Batten et al., 2006) and mental health difficulties (Batten et al., 2006; Cappadocia, Wiess, & Pepler, 2012; Hebron & Humphrey, 2012; Penney, 2013; Zablotsky et al., 2013).

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