داستان دو آرمان شهر
ترجمه نشده

داستان دو آرمان شهر

عنوان فارسی مقاله: داستان دو آرمان شهر: کار کردن در دنیای پس از رشد
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: A tale of two utopias: Work in a post-growth world
مجله/کنفرانس: اقتصاد اکولوژیکی – Ecological Economics
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: علوم اجتماعی، اقتصاد، علوم ارتباطات اجتماعی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: جامعه شناسی، اقتصاد نظری، روابط عمومی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: آرمان شهر، پس از رشد، محیط زیستی، محدودیت های زیست محیطی، کار، اشتغال، آینده، بعد از کار، پس از نظام سرمایه داری، فمینیسم
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Utopia، Post-growth، Environmentalism، Environmental limits، Work، Employment، Futures، Post-work، Post-capitalism، Feminism
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2020.106653
دانشگاه: Centre for the Understanding of Sustainable Prosperity, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2020
ایمپکت فاکتور: 4.535 در سال 2019
شاخص H_index: 174 در سال 2020
شاخص SJR: 1.767 در سال 2019
شناسه ISSN: 0921-8009
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2019
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 11
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E14967
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


۱٫ Introduction


۲٫ Cokaygne: utopia without work?


۳٫ News from nowhere – work as prosperity?


۴٫ The post-growth utopia: let’s be less productive


۵٫ Conclusion


Declaration of competing interest


Acknowledgements


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


In this paper, we aim to contribute to the literature on post-growth futures. Modern imaginings of the future are constrained by the assumptions of growth-based capitalism. To escape these assumptions we turn to utopian fiction. We explore depictions of work in Cokaygne, a utopian tradition dating back to the 12th century, and William Morris’s 19th century News from Nowhere. Cokaygne is a land of excessive consumption without work, while in News from Nowhere work is the route to the good life. These competing notions provide inspiration for a post-growth vision of work. We argue that biophysical and social dynamics mean that in a post-growth economy we are likely to have to be less productive and work more. But, this can be a utopian vision. By breaking the link between work and consumption at the level of the individual, we can remove some of the coercion in work. This would free us to do jobs that contribute to the social good, rather than generate exchange value, and empower us to fight for good work. Finally, we draw on eco-feminist analyses of capitalism to argue that by challenging labour productivity growth we can also challenge wider forces of oppression.


Introduction


To achieve sustainable societies we are likely to have to move beyond growth based economies. Historically, economic growth has been coupled with environmental impact. It is extremely unlikely that we will be able to decouple one from the other (Hickel and Kallis, 2019; Jackson and Victor, 2019). There are a number of dynamics that drive the growth-environment coupling. One key example is that the socioeconomic structures that incentivise resource efficiency gains also incentivise using those gains to fuel further growth in production. Under such dynamics, efficiency gains ultimately drive up resource use (Jackson, 2017; Mair, 2019; Sakai et al., 2019). Addressing this and other drivers of growth will have major implications for how we live. In this paper we take the issue of work as a case in point. Currently, work is bound up with growth dynamics. Take, for example, the ‘productivity trap’ (Jackson and Victor, 2011). To reduce their costs, grow profits and break into new markets, firms attempt to increase labour productivity. The net result of labour productivity growth is that fewer people are needed to produce the same amount of goods. This means that without growth people are made unemployed. Under the political economy of growth-based capitalism, unemployment means a loss of social status and only limited access to the material goods of life. Consequently, the political economy of work in wealthy capitalist economies puts pressure on all of us to support growth.

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