نقش کارآفرینان اجتماعی در پیشرفت مقاصد روستایی
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نقش کارآفرینان اجتماعی در پیشرفت مقاصد روستایی

عنوان فارسی مقاله: نقش کارآفرینان اجتماعی در پیشرفت مقاصد روستایی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: The roles of social entrepreneurs in rural destination development
مجله/کنفرانس: سالنامه تحقیقات گردشگری – Annals of Tourism Research
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مدیریت
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: کارآفرینی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: کارآفرین اجتماعی، گردشگری روستایی، توسعه اهداف روستایی، توان گردشگری، معماری شبکه
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Social entrepreneur, Rural tourism, Rural destination development, Tourism potential, Network architect
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus – Master Journal List – JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2017.12.001
دانشگاه: school of Hospitality Management and Tourism
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2018
ایمپکت فاکتور: 2.995 در سال 2017
شاخص H_index: 132 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 2.262 در سال 2017
شناسه ISSN: 0160-7383
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2017
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 12
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: بله
کد محصول: E5486
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Introduction


2- Materials and methods


3- Conclusions


 References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


This paper seeks to explore how social entrepreneurs are relevant to our consideration of rural destination development. While many peripheral rural areas face significant challenges in terms of sustaining communities and attracting tourists it is often social entrepreneurs, as much as traditional entrepreneurs, who are involved in developing new ideas, new products and activities, and envisioning a future for the area. This study, which is based on case studies resulting from nine semi-structured interviews carried out in rural areas in Ireland, South Africa and USA, identifies key roles that social entrepreneurs play in terms of rural destination development; namely that of an opportunist, catalyst, and network architect, and this is used to build a theoretical framework within which SEs can be analyzed.


Introduction


The focus of this paper is to enhance our understanding of the key roles social entrepreneurs (SEs) play in rural destination development and to develop a new theoretical framework as the foundation of further research in this area. As Jaafar and Rasoolimanesh (2015) note rural tourism represents a tool for rural revitalization. SEs can influence the development of rural tourism; however, literature documenting the roles they play is lacking, posing a gap in understanding the ways rural tourism is developed. Examining the roles of SEs in tourism destinations sheds light on the engagement of entrepreneurs who are motivated not only by profit, but also by social objectives. This type of academic engagement reflects pragmatic changes that are evident in rural tourism destinations. This paper addresses gaps in our understanding of the roles SEs play in rural destination development. This was achieved through our cross-case analysis from Ireland, South Africa and USA. The objectives of the paper are four-fold. Firstly to identify if there are commonalities in terms of the roles that SEs play in rural tourism destinations, secondly to identify the roles that are played by SEs in rural tourism destinations, thirdly to examine how these roles are connected and fourthly to begin to build a framework within which the role of SEs can be analyzed…. Combining findings from three geographically diverse contexts, our paper provides rich insight into the role of SEs as opportunists, catalysts and network architects in rural destinations and suggests that our rural tourism lens needs to adjust from focusing primarily on the role of communities, policy makers, and to a lesser extent entrepreneurs, to encompass this new stakeholder. Doing so will provide an opportunity to push existing boundaries and consider the role of SEs in rural tourism development. The next section reviews the concept of entrepreneurs and SEs in tourism, on which this paper is based.

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