اثر دوجنبه ای پیچیدگی در عملکرد شرکت
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اثر دوجنبه ای پیچیدگی در عملکرد شرکت

عنوان فارسی مقاله: اثر دوجنبه ای پیچیدگی در عملکرد شرکت: صنعت ارائه دهنده خدمات جهانی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: The ambivalent effect of complexity on firm performance: A study of the global service provider industry
مجله/کنفرانس: برنامه ریزی طولانی مدت – Long Range Planning
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مدیریت
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: مدیریت عملکرد
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: پیچیدگی، صنعت ارائه دهنده خدمات، کالایی شدن، سرمایه گذاری های خاص مشتری
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Complexity, Service provider industry, Commoditization, Client-specific investments
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus - Master Journal List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lrp.2018.02.002
دانشگاه: Department of Strategic Management and Globalization – Denmark
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2018
ایمپکت فاکتور: 5.155 در سال 2018
شاخص H_index: 89 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 2.036 در سال 2018
شناسه ISSN: 0024-6301
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2018
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 15
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: بله
کد محصول: E6430
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Introduction


2- Theory and hypotheses


3- Methods


4- Results


5- Discussion and conclusion


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Prior literature is ambivalent about whether organizational complexity has positive or negative effects on firm performance. Using rich data on global service providers, we explore this ambivalence by disentangling performance consequences of different types of organizational complexity. We show that complexity arising from the coordination of different services and operations negatively influences profit margins through increased coordination costs, whereas complexity coming from the sophistication of particular services may positively influence margins through informational advantages. We also investigate the moderating effects of process commoditization and client-specific investments. Our findings point to critical performance dilemmas facing global service providers in a highly competitive industry, and they help better differentiate performance effects of complexity at different organizational levels.


Introduction


Understanding the performance implications of organizational complexity remains a key concern in management research. In response to increasingly multifaceted and dynamic global business contexts, firms often build up internal organizational complexity to better match environmental demands (Dougherty, 2004; Garud et al., 2011; Niosi, 2011). Yet, the implications of such actions remain ambivalent. On the one hand, complexity may jeopardize the organizational ability to process information (Ethiraj and Levinthal, 2004; Tushman and Nadler, 1978), which in turn can increase the likelihood of decision errors and eventually lower firm performance (Levinthal, 1997). On the other hand, complexity may support capabilities that are difficult to monitor and imitate (Husted, 2007; Reed and DeFillippi, 1990; Rivkin, 2001), which in turn may promote rent appropriation and help firms develop a competitive advantage (Lippman and Rumelt, 1982; Powell et al., 2006). In this article, we explore the ambivalent performance consequences of organizational complexity. While existing research has produced important insights on how complexity may either deteriorate or enhance firm performance, less is known about when the opposing effects emerge. Hence, the aim of this article is to differentiate specific performance contingencies of organizational complexity. In doing so, we follow a long tradition in organizational theory in defining complexity as a property of a system characterized by a large number of interdependent organizational tasks and operations (Simon, 1962; Porter and Siggelkow, 2008; Zhou, 2013). Moreover, rather than treating complexity as a single organizational construct, we emphasize that different types of organizational complexity may yield different performance effects. Following existing research (e.g., Larsen et al., 2013; Løwendahl and Revang, 1998; Siggelkow, 2001), we explore the different performance effects of configuration complexity, i.e., complexity arising from coordinating various organizational tasks and operations, and task complexity, i.e., complexity arising from coordinating needs within particular tasks.

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