رویکرد ریز دانه ای به سرمایه روانشناختی و عملکرد کار
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رویکرد ریز دانه ای به سرمایه روانشناختی و عملکرد کار

عنوان فارسی مقاله: یک رویکرد ریز دانه ای به سرمایه روانشناختی و عملکرد کار
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: A Finer Grained Approach to Psychological Capital and Work Performance
مجله/کنفرانس: مجله کسب و کار و روانشناسی – Journal of Business and Psychology
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مدیریت، روانشناسی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: مدیریت کسب و کار، مدیریت عملکرد، روانشناسی صنعتی و سازمانی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: سرمایه روانشناختی، عملکرد کاری، تمرکز زمانی، خواسته های کاری، منابع، وزن نسبی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Psychological capital, Work performance, Temporal focus, Job demands-resources, Relative weights
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus - Master Journal List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1007/s10869-017-9503-z
دانشگاه: School of Management – Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile – Chile
ناشر: اسپرینگر - Springer
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2018
ایمپکت فاکتور: 2.184 در سال 2017
شاخص H_index: 58 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 1.735 در سال 2017
شناسه ISSN: 1573-353X
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2017
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 17
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: بله
کد محصول: E9248
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Psychological Capital and Work Performance


2- Psychological Capital as a Buffering Factor Between Job Demands and Work Performance


3- The Present Research


4- General Discussion


5- Practical Implications


6- Limitations, Future Research, and Conclusion


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Purpose Psychological capital is a set of personal resources comprised by hope, efficacy, optimism, and resilience, which previous research has supported as being valuable for general work performance. However, in today’s organizations, a multidimensional approach is required to understanding work performance, thus, we aimed to determine whether psychological capital improves proficiency, adaptivity, and proactivity, and also whether hope, efficiency, resilience, and optimism have a differential contribution to the same outcomes. Analyzing the temporal meaning of each psychological capital dimension, this paper theorizes the relative weights of psychological capital dimensions on proficiency, adaptivity, and proactivity, proposing also that higher relative weight dimensions are helpful to cope with job demands and perform well. Methodology Two survey studies, the first based on crosssectional data and the second on two waves of data, were conducted with employees from diverse organizations, who provided measures of their psychological capital, work performance, and job demands. Data was modeled with regression analysis together with relative weights analysis.


Psychological Capital and Work Performance


Luthans et al. (2007b) define psychological capital as a positive psychological state comprised by the personal resources of hope, efficacy, resilience, and optimism. Specifically, hope refers to a cognitive process driven by a sense of success in fulfilling individual goals (Snyder, 1995). Efficacy denotes confidence linked to one’s own conviction about having the abilities to effectively execute a task (Bandura, 1997). Resilience refers to positive adaptation in the context of significant adversity (Bonanno, 2004; Rutter, 1987; Masten & Reed, 2002). Finally, optimism denotes a positive expectation that individuals’ goals can be achieved in future (Scheier & Carver, 1992; Peterson, 2000). Drawing on the theoretical integration underlying these personal resources (Luthans et al., 2007a, b), most of research has adopted a higher order factor comprising hope, efficacy, resilience, and optimism (Avey et al., 2011; Luthans et al., 2007a, b). This approach is valuable and appropriate when the aim is to understand broader outcomes entailing wide-ranging information about the phenomenon of interest, such as general work performance. But, when the interest is to have a more detailed understanding of the outcome studied, for instance a multidimensional approach to performance, paying attention to the specific characteristics of the psychological capital dimensions is required. This follows the discussion on the bandwidth-fidelity dilemma (Judge and Kammeyer-Muller, 2012), which stresses the importance of the construct correspondence principle when developing theory, namely, predictors and criteria should correspond in terms of generality-specificity. In other words, theoretically and empirically broader criteria favor broader predictors, while narrower criteria favor specific predictors.

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