فاکتورهای مؤثر بر کارآیی انرژی باد
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فاکتورهای مؤثر بر کارآیی انرژی باد

عنوان فارسی مقاله: عوامل مؤثر بر کارآیی انرژی باد در کشورهای اتحادیه اروپا
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Factors affecting the efficiency of wind power in the European Union countries
مجله/کنفرانس: سیاست انرژی - Energy Policy
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مهندسی انرژی، اقتصاد
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: انرژی های تجدیدپذیر، سیستم های انرژی، اقتصاد انرژی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: راندمان انرژی باد، سیاست های انرژی تجدید پذیر، کشورهای اتحادیه اروپا، DEA اصلاح شده با تابع اریبی، مدل رگرسیون کوتاه شده بوت استرپ
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Wind power efficiency، Renewable energy policy، EU countries، Bias-corrected DEA، Bootstrapped truncated regression model
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus - Master Journals List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2019.06.036
دانشگاه: Cracow University of Economics, Department of Statistics, Rakowicka 27 St, 31-510, Cracow, Poland
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
ایمپکت فاکتور: 5/370 در سال 2018
شاخص H_index: 178 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 1/988 در سال 2018
شناسه ISSN: 0301-4215
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2018
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 13
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: دارد
کد محصول: E13075
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Introduction


2- Literature review


3- Methodology


4- Data


5- Results


6- Conclusions and policy implication


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


The study uses the two-stage bias-corrected DEA approach of Simar and Wilson (2007) to assess the efficiency of the EU countries in terms of their wind power investment in 2015. The set of input variables includes installed wind power capacity and average wind power density, while output variables include wind-generated electricity and three additional aspects: environmental, economic and energy security. Next, the study examines the effect of renewable energy policy regarding wind energy, the energy mix, and the offshore wind power utilisation on the wind power efficiency of the analysed countries.


The results obtained reveal that the United Kingdom, Sweden, Denmark, and Ireland are the most efficient countries in terms of wind power investment. The inclusion of additional aspects demonstrates the greatest improvement of efficiency in Belgium, Cyprus, the Netherlands, Estonia and Germany.


The results seem to indicate that economic instruments used within renewable energy policy have a positive effect on wind power efficiency, while policy support and regulatory instruments might negatively impact. Moreover, the results show that the energy mix explains the variation of the efficiency of the EU countries when their economic and environmental aspects are considered. The analysis of the geographic location indicates that countries with a high share of offshore wind capacity are the most efficient.


Introduction


The rapid development of renewable energy sources in the EU member states results from the common energy policy aimed at improving energy security and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. In accordance with the Directive 2009/28/EC, the share of renewable energy in the overall energy consumption in the EU member states should be increased to - on average - 20% by 2020 as part of its efforts to cut carbon dioxide emissions. This target, connected with reducing CO2 emissions by 20%, became part of Europe's climate policy (EU 2020 Energy Strategy, 2014). The European climate and energy package specifies a national renewable target for each EU member state ranging from 10% in Malta to 49% in Sweden. To meet this target, each EU country, having the choice of renewable energy sources and means of using them in the most effective way, has created its own national renewable energy action plan (for instance, implementing a climate change mitigation strategy linked with decarbonisation of the power sector). On the one hand, the viability of investment in renewable energy sources (especially wind farms and solar parks, which are conducive to decarbonisation of the power sector) to a great extent depends on the supply of a given energy source. The EU countries are highly diversified in terms of their wind potential: countries from northern Europe and the ones neighbouring the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea and the Baltic Sea have much greater wind potential than countries from southern Europe and the centre of the continent.

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