بخشی از مقاله (انگلیسی)
The mission of the Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers (IISE) is to serve those who solve complex and critical problems of the world. Notably, the research–practice gap in Operations Management (OM) marginalizes the value and relevance of the IISE. To maintain and enhance the impact of the IISE, we identify major bottlenecks that limit the industrial installation of OM research outcomes. Ranked by the relative importance, the three bottlenecks are verifying the performance improvement, building trust with practitioners, and balancing model accuracy and simplicity, respectively, in the stages of value verification, implementation and development. We propose potential research opportunities and illustrate the challenges and opportunities using real case studies from three Fortune Global 500 companies. In particular, we emphasize the role of data-driven decision methods in dealing with the three bottlenecks.
It is crucial for the Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers (IISE) to guide Operations Management (OM) practitioners toward achieving OM practice excellence. The mission of the IISE is to serve OM practitioners who solve complex and critical problems encountered in the world, and often need to deal with complicated and integrated systems that suffer from customer dissatisfaction, excess inventory costs, and low product quality. Therefore, it is imperative for the IISE to capture the full potential of successful OM practice.
However, the academia that studies OM has generally been following, rather than leading, business practices (Simchi-Levi, 2014). The inability to lead OM practices is often due to numerous failed implementations of OM models. After many years of OM projects with industry collaborators, we cannot emphasize enough how important a successful implementation is for a research project. Further, we are astonished by the difficulties associated with ensuring an OM implementation with precise and unified standards across different departments. Companies have been appropriately cautious about new OM models because they cannot fully reap its benefits (Ibanez et al., 2018; Sun et al., 2021).
The future is promising as more OM research tends to bring the theoretical studies close to practical issues. The authors have extracted the data of all the 300 OM-related projects funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) from 2016 to 2021. Table 1 categorizes the subjects of all the projects by new business model, new technology & Supply Chain Management (SCM) finance, product & behavior, green & health-care & agriculture, and traditional SCM. It is surprising to see that almost all the subjects are driven by real practices, and few project proposals even involve preliminary plans for industrial implementations.
The academic community has always emphasized novel and mathematically provable methods and reproducible results, yet none of which are required for complex realworld issues (Sodhi and Tang, 2008). To thrive, the ISE research community should focus on overcoming the challenges that hinder successful practical applications and embrace cooperation with data-driven decision methods so that our research community will stay relevant and impactful. Combined with real case studies, we list and analyze the key challenges. Ultimately, these challenges can stimulate research opportunities such as user-centric algorithms and explainability. We hope that this article will encourage more ISE researchers to embark on research that can help close the gap when it comes to implementing new OM research ideas into practice.