دانلود مقاله شیوع کووید-19، تنش مالی شرکت و مدیریت سود
ترجمه نشده

دانلود مقاله شیوع کووید-19، تنش مالی شرکت و مدیریت سود

عنوان فارسی مقاله: شیوع کووید-19، تنش مالی شرکت و مدیریت سود
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: The Covid-19 outbreak, corporate financial distress and earnings management
مجله/کنفرانس: بررسی بین المللی تحلیل مالی - International Review of Financial Analysis
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: حسابداری - مدیریت
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: حسابداری مالی - مدیریت مالی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: مدیریت سود، همه گیری کووید-19، تنش مالی، چین
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Earnings management, Covid-19 pandemic, Financial distress, China
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus - Master Journals List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.irfa.2023.102675
لینک سایت مرجع: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1057521923001916
نویسندگان: Abdullah A. Aljughaiman - Tam Huy Nguyen - Vu Quang Trinh - Anqi Du
دانشگاه: School of Business, Saudi Arabia
صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 13
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
سال انتشار مقاله: 2023
ایمپکت فاکتور: 8.976 در سال 2022
شاخص H_index: 79 در سال 2023
شاخص SJR: 1.881 در سال 2022
شناسه ISSN: 1057-5219
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2022
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: دارد
آیا این مقاله فرضیه دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: e17517
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
نوع رفرنس دهی: vancouver
فهرست مطالب (ترجمه)

1. معرفی
2. بررسی ادبیات، چارچوب نظری و توسعه فرضیه
3. روش شناسی
4. نتایج
5. نتیجه گیری
منابع مالی
بیانیه مشارکت نویسنده
اعلامیه منافع رقابتی

فهرست مطالب (انگلیسی)

1. Introduction
2. Literature review, theoretical framework and hypothesis development
3. Methodology
4. Results
5. Conclusion
Author contribution statement
Declaration of Competing Interest

بخشی از مقاله (ترجمه ماشینی)

این مطالعه به بررسی ارتباط بین شیوع کووید-19، تنش مالی شرکت ها و شیوه های مدیریت درآمد در چین می پردازد. ما بررسی می‌کنیم که آیا شرکت‌ها از رکود در شرایط اقتصادی در طول همه‌گیری برای تعدیل سود خود با استفاده از تکنیک‌های مختلف مدیریت سود استفاده کردند یا خیر. با استفاده از نمونه ای از 1832 شرکت لیست شده و چارچوب های نظری زیربنایی (به عنوان مثال، حسابداری مثبت و نظریه سیگنالینگ)، متوجه می شویم که شرکت ها تمایل بیشتری به مدیریت سود در طول دوره همه گیری داشتند. آنها ترجیح دادند از تکنیک مدیریت سود مبتنی بر فعالیت واقعی استفاده کنند. ما همچنین متوجه شدیم که شرکت‌ها در سایه شیوع بیشتر درگیر شیوه‌های افزایش درآمد هستند. علاوه بر این، نتایج ما بیشتر نشان می‌دهد که شرکت‌هایی که از نظر مالی دچار مشکل هستند، در مدیریت سود، به‌ویژه مدیریت سود مبتنی بر تعهدی، مشارکت داشته‌اند. با این حال، در مقایسه با شرکت‌های خصوصی، به نظر می‌رسد شرکت‌های دولتی کمتر در مدیریت درآمد در طول همه‌گیری کووید-۱۹ مشارکت دارند. یافته‌های این مطالعه نگرانی‌هایی را برای سیاست‌گذاران در مورد اعتبار اطلاعات گزارش‌گری مالی در طول کووید-۱۹ ایجاد می‌کند.

بخشی از مقاله (انگلیسی)


This study explores the association between the Covid-19 outbreak, corporate financial distress and earnings management practices in China. We investigate whether firms took advantage of the downturn in economic conditions during the pandemic to adjust their earnings using different earnings management techniques. Utilising a sample of 1832 listed firms and underlying theoretical frameworks (i.e., positive accounting and signalling theory), we find that firms were more inclined to manage earnings during the pandemic period. They favoured using the accrual-based rather than the real activity-based earnings management technique. We also find that firms engaged more in income-increasing practices in the shadow of the outbreak. In addition, our results further demonstrate that financially distressed firms were involved in earnings management, particularly accrual-based earnings management. However, compared to privately-owned firms, state-owned enterprises seem to be involved less in earnings management during the Covid-19 pandemic. Findings from this study raise some concerns for policymakers about the credibility of financial reporting information during Covid-19.



The global coronavirus (i.e., Covid-19) pandemic and the associated economic recession brought many severe challenges to companies around the world, posing a profound threat to the viability of many businesses (Barai and Dhar, 2021). The crisis is regarded as the century's largest health, economic and social crisis so far (The New Yorker, 2020). In addition to the human losses and the disease itself, Covid-19 slowed down global economic activities due to its extensive impacts and the different measures implemented by countries to control the disease's spread. It caused a significant negative impact on employment (high unemployment rate), reduced economic activity and created uncertainties in many financial markets (Zhang, Hu, and Ji, 2020). Consequently, many firms faced financial distress and bankruptcy due to operational disruption (Lassoued & Khanchel, 2021).

The Covid-19 lockdowns had a profound effect on financial markets and corporate financial performance (Ruiz, Koutronas, and Lee, 2020; Zhang et al., 2020). Managerial behaviours were inevitably affected by the pandemic. In response to the poor market environment during the pandemic, many managers were under high pressure; hence, they may have manipulated earnings or polished their financial statements by using accounting discretion to achieve their targets (Ali, Amin, Mostafa, and Mohamed, 2022; Choi, Kim, and Lee, 2011; Liu & Sun, 2022). Their firms may make use of accounting techniques to improve their deteriorating income statements and balance sheets during a crisis (Arnold, 2009; Laux and Leuz, 2010) or possibly during a pandemic (Ali et al., 2022; Chen, Liu, Liu, and Wang, 2022; He and Jianqun, 2021; Liu & Sun, 2022; Ozili, 2021; Rahman, Ding, Hossain, & Khan, 2022). Earnings management can be done through accrual-based earnings management (hereafter, AEM), and real activity-based earnings management (hereafter, REM) (Graham, Harvey, and Rajgopal, 2005; Kim, Udawatte, and Yin, 2018). AEM occurs when executives manage the accrual component of earnings, while REM can be conducted by changing business operational activities, which has a direct influence on a company's cash flow (Cimini, 2015). The financial report is an important basis for investors, analysts and stakeholders to make decisions, so it should be able to reflect the actual situation of firms. Arguably, there are numerous gaps in financial reporting that can provide space for executives to take part in earnings management (Azizah, 2021), especially because of the impact of Covid-19 social distancing on audit quality (Albitar, Gerged, Kikhia, & Hussainey, 2020). This leads to a lack of authenticity of accounting information and a lack of stability of enterprise development (Chen et al., 2022).



The Covid-19 pandemic had a catastrophic impact on global health and economic systems. Businesses saw a drop in profitability because of the pandemic, as most economic activities were suspended during lockdown measures. This paper examines the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the earnings management practices in a sample of listed companies in China. This is an important issue, given the relevance of the authenticity and reliability of accounting information to stakeholders during troubling periods.

Based on a sample of 1832 companies listed on the Shanghai and Shenzhen stock exchanges during the pre-pandemic period, from 2015 to 2019, and the pandemic period (2020−2021), with 8590 firm-year observations conducted, we examined the earnings management practice using both accrual earnings management and real earnings management techniques. Our findings reveal that the quality of financial reporting by Chinese companies tended to be lower during the pandemic. Listed companies affected by the pandemic were more likely to engage in AEM than REM. In particular, the results indicate that Chinese listed companies were more likely to engage in upward earnings management during the Covid-19 pandemic, which can be explained by the argument that businesses tried to show acceptable levels of losses and thus mitigate the impact of the pandemic in the eyes of investors and stakeholders. This is consistent with the finding of Lassoued & Khanchel (2021) that companies manage earnings upward by mitigating the reported losses level to rebuild the confidence of stakeholders and thus support economic recovery. Furthermore, the results also indicate that financially distressed firms engaged in earnings manipulation, especially accrual-based earnings management. However, this behaviour seems to be less prevalent during the Covid-19 pandemic, especially in the case of state-owned enterprises. The findings were robust after considering the factors that may influence the incentives and behaviours of earnings management. In detail, we used the corresponding company-level variables, such as debt performance, opportunity growth, board independence and audit quality. Furthermore, we also used other alternative proxies as dependent variables and panel data fixed effects to ensure the robustness of our results.

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