تحلیل مقایسه هایی از مزایا و فرصتها برای ارزشگذاری زباله
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تحلیل مقایسه هایی از مزایا و فرصتها برای ارزشگذاری زباله

عنوان فارسی مقاله: معرفی اقتصاد مدور در مناطق در حال توسعه: تجزیه و تحلیل مقایسه هایی از مزایا و فرصتها برای ارزشگذاری زباله
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Introduction of the circular economy within developing regions: A comparative analysis of advantages and opportunities for waste valorization
مجله/کنفرانس: مجله مدیریت زیست محیطی - Journal of Environmental Management
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: اقتصاد، محیط زیست
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: بازیافت و مدیریت پسماند
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: اقتصاد مدور، کشورهای در حال توسعه، چارچوب اروپایی، رفتار بازیافت، مدیریت زباله های جامد، پایداری
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Circular economy، Developing countries، European framework، Recycling behavior، Solid waste management، Sustainability
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: MedLine - Scopus - Master Journal List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.09.095
دانشگاه: Department of Theoretical and Applied Sciences - University of Insubria - Italy
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
ایمپکت فاکتور: 4/219 در سال 2017
شاخص H_index: 131 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 1/161 در سال 2017
شناسه ISSN: 0301-4797
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2017
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 13
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
کد محصول: E10749
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Introduction


2- Methodology and analysis of the contexts


3- Results and discussion


4- Conclusions and remarks


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


The introduction of effective solid waste management strategies in developing countries should be considered for improving sustainability at global level. Many barriers should be overcome, concerning the introduction of environmental policies, effective investments, social inclusion and public awareness, which are significant issues in low-middle income countries. The Circular Economy could represent the answer for improving current solid waste management activities worldwide, since denote the principle of waste valorization and recycling for boosting developing economies. This paper is focused on this theme, analyzing main opportunities for improving the current state of solid waste management in developing big cities. The solid waste management of two countries are reviewed: Romania is the emerging country where Circular Economy is becoming a future objective due to economic aids and strength regulations which the European Union (EU) established for the nations forming parts the alliance; as a comparison, Bolivia is reported for evaluating main differences founded for developing recycling systems in a no-EU country. These two case studies could be of interest for highlighting main pros and cons of the participation into a wide organization like the EU for introducing in short terms Circular Economy principles. Moreover, a theoretical Circular Economy model for developing big cities in low-middle income countries is described within the study for effectively comparing which chances can spread for these countries as regard municipal solid waste exploitation. Despite the economic level, Romania and Bolivia are both facing with many solid waste management issues although in different magnitude. For the Romanian case study, it is visible how it cannot achieve the European goals for 2020 due the need of change in public recycling behavior. Bolivia, instead, represents the case where international aids and new investments are required, considering the informal sector into the formal management system as a real opportunity for improving local recycling rate. In conclusion, the comparison suggests how external supports led to implement the principles of the Circular Economy within a developing region. The model of Circular Economy proposed is recommended for developing big cities in order to advance a new form of safe employment, encouraging the activities that are still in action (i.e. informal sector) and boosting the principles of sustainable development.


Introduction


Solid waste management (SWM) in developing countries represents a real environmental and social concern since the most applied “treatment” choice is the final disposal in open dump sites or in unsuitable sanitary landfills (Al-Khatib et al., 2010; Ravindra et al., 2015; Maheshi, 2015; Ferronato et al., 2017). Sustainable measures should be introduced, integrating low carbon emission solutions and appropriate technologies (Papargyropoulou et al., 2015). For that purpose, the shift from a linear to a circular economy (CE) which will preserve the environment, generate new economic growth and spread the ecological awareness of the population, can be considered the most adapt way for improving current SWM worldwide (Diaz and Otoma, 2013). The theoretical objective and the perfectly circular system will be introduced when longevity of goods equals limitlessness (FranklinJohnson et al., 2016). For instance, biomass can be always considered in a cyclical flow because all biomass waste products can be re-entered the biosphere (Haas et al., 2015). As stated by Stahel (2016), “a CE system would turn goods that are at the end of their service life into resources for others”. However, every source of waste and every material fraction can be inserted in an autonomous CE scheme, while collection and treatment systems should be assessed differently in cities, towns or small communities, as well as in regions with particular geographical frameworks and touristic areas (Ciudin et al., 2014).

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