جایگاه گردشگری در اقتصاد
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جایگاه گردشگری در اقتصاد

عنوان فارسی مقاله: جایگاه گردشگری در اقتصاد جمهوری قزاقستان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Place of Tourism in the Economy of Kazakhstan Republic
مجله/کنفرانس: پروسیدیای مالی و اقتصاد – Procedia Economics and Finance
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: گردشگری و توریسم، اقتصاد
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: مدیریت گردشگری، اقتصاد مالی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: گردشگری، اقتصاد، قزاقستان
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Tourism, Economy, Kazakhstan
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/S2212-5671(16)30232-5
دانشگاه: Akhmet Yassawi University, Turkestan, Kazakhstan
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2016
شناسه ISSN: 2212-5671
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 4
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E13730
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1-Introduction


2-Aim & Methodology


3-Helpful Hints


4-Conclusion and Implications


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Tourism sector stays in the limelight, especially because of the economic benefits that it provides to the state. Therefore, it is observed that an important part of the literature studies on tourism are related to the economic aspects of tourism. Kazakhstan, which has a very large potential for tourism, has tried to evaluate these values as much as possible and has given place to tourism in the development plans. In this study have been studied effects of tourism sector on the economy of Kazakhstan since independence in 1991. Share of tourism in total fixed capital, projects which are encouraged in the tourism sector, foreign investments in tourism, the ratio of tourism expenditures to expenditure on imports, contribution of tourism revenues to GDP, basic economic impact of tourism revenue and expenditure balance are considered under the scope of study.


Introduction


Tourism is an industry growing in accordance with globalization and among the fastest together with automotive, petroleum and chemicals industries. On the other hand, because of positive effects of tourism such as supporting balance of payments by creating foreign currency inflow, creating employment, and supporting foreign trade, infrastructure and superstructure; its development is encouraged not only by developing countries but also developed countries. Like many other Central Asian countries that opened their doors to the world in accordance with political developments and changes in the world, Kazakhstan is trying to determine her economical choices and priorities through macro economical plans in order to meet her limitless needs with her limited resources (Dracheva, 2007). Today, the exports of Kazakhstan are consisted mainly of raw materials and she has little control over export prices. Hence, Kazakhstan Government is recently trying to develop sectors other than energy with the aim of creating economic diversity and breaking her overdependence to petroleum and fluctuations in international petroleum prices. The economic development program prepared by Kazakhstan Government covers 7 sectors and tourism ranks high in the list (www.tugik.org.tr/…/kazakistan). The data of World Trade Organization predicts that rich tourists will prefer Asian destinations to European ones (http://www2.unwto.org/). Kazakhstan’s position as economic and political leader of Central Asia is giving her an advantage to develop tourism.

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