ارزیابی راه پایداری محیط زیست
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ارزیابی راه پایداری محیط زیست

عنوان فارسی مقاله: ارزیابی راه پایداری محیط زیست: نقش توسعه اقتصادی و تحقیق و توسعه در کشورهای اتحادیه اروپا
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: An Assessment of Environmental Sustainability Corridor: The Role of Economic Expansion and Research and Development in EU Countries
مجله/کنفرانس: علم محیط کل – Science of The Total Environment
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مهندسی محیط زیست، اقتصاد
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: برنامه ریزی آمایش سرزمین، توسعه اقتصادی و برنامه ریزی، اقتصادسنجی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: رشد اقتصادی، مصرف انرژی غیر تجدیدپذیر، اقتصادسنجی پانل، مصرف انرژی تجدیدپذیر، تحقیق و توسعه، اتحادیه اروپا
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Economic growth; non-renewable energy consumption; panel econometrics; renewable energy consumption; research and development; EU
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.136726
دانشگاه: Department of Accounting, Economics and Finance, Bournemouth University, United Kingdom
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2020
ایمپکت فاکتور: 5.899 در سال 2019
شاخص H_index: 205 در سال 2020
شاخص SJR: 1.536 در سال 2019
شناسه ISSN: 0048-9697
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2019
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 39
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: بله
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: دارد
کد محصول: E14203
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


Graphical abstract


۱٫ Introduction


۲٫ Literature review


۳٫ Methodology


۴٫ Results and discussion


۵٫ Conclusions and policy direction


Declaration of competing interest


Appendix A


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Given that the European Union -28 countries proposed a target of 3% of the Gross Domestic Product on research and development (R&D) expenditure by 2020, the current study attempts to examine the role of R&D on environmental sustainability. In addition, the study further investigates the long-run and causal interaction between, renewable energy consumption, nonrenewable energy consumption, and economic growth in a n ecological footprint -income function. Notably, the study incorporates research and development (R&D) expenditure to the model as an additional variable, and measures impact of each variable on ecological footprint. Empirical evidence is based on a balanced panel data between annual periods of 199 7 –۲۰۱۴ for selected EU -16 countries. The Pedroni, Johansen Multivariate and Kao tests all reveal a cointegration between ecological footprint, economic growth, research and development expenditure, renewable, and nonrenewable energy consumption. The Fully Modified and Dynamic Ordinary Least Squares model s (FMOLS and DOLS) both suggest a negative significant relationship between the countries’ research and development expenditure and ecological footprint in the long -run. This implies that spending on R&D significantly impacts on environmental sustainability of the panel countries. Our study affirms that nonrenewable energy consumption and economic growth increase carbon emission flaring while renewable energy consumption declines ecological footprint. The panel causality analysis reveals a feedback mechanism between ecological footprint, R&D expenditure, renewable, and nonrenewable energy consumption. We further observed a one – way causality between ecological footprint and economic growth. The current further validates that the Environmental Kuznet Curve Hypothesis (EKC) holds for this panel of EU countries examined. Effective policy implications could be drawn toward modern and environmentally friendly energy sources, especially in attaining the Sustainable Development Goals via spending on R&D .


Introduction


Consumption of energy has become increasingly beneficial in the advancement of many economies in the 21st century. Global dependence on the energy sector as a driver in the development processes has led to an increased level of the world’s demand for energy (Ozcan and Ozturk, 2019) . Among other factors, rise in energy consumption is connected to significant rise in population (Feng et al., 2018) as well as increasing drive for growth and urbanisation among nations particularly the emerging economies. This has further led to the depletion of the environment, thereby threatening the ecological balance of the biosphere (Chu et al., 2017; Alola, 2019a, b; Bekun, Emir & Sarkodie; Saint Akadiri et al., 2019 ) . Additionally, in a bid to achieve industrial expansion and growth, many economies are forced to meet up their increasing energy demands through non -renewable energy (NRE) sources to mitigate adverse environmental consequences . According to Nathaniel & Nathaniel (2019) , industrial growth do not only increases energy use but equally increases the level of environmental degradation through emissions of toxic gases chiefly from nonrenewable energy. The reason is partly due to the little share of eco -friendly renewable energy sources in the global energy market in relation to NRE sources (Ozcan and Ozturk, 2019). Consequently, negative externalities have been generated in the form of carbon emissions, resource depletion, pollution, wildlife endangerment, climate changes and global warming (Hanif et al., 2019).

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